They were quick to build and could be made in about a week, They were good to show that they had strength and control, The drawbridge could be closed to provide additional protection, They were made of wood that could easily burn, They could be easily destroyed by fire-arrows, A battering ram could be used against the palisade. They were phenomenally expensive to build – this can’t be overstated! The castle was originally a motte and bailey castle built in 1090 by Robert de Romille, lord of the multiple estates of Bolton Abbey.Shortly after 1102 Henry I extended Romille's lands to include all of upper Wharfedale and upper Airedale. They were hard to attack as the Motte was very steep and there was a ditch around the Bailey area. Match. stone buildings were built over pre-existing wooden towers. motte and bailey castles were easy to defend because it was built with three sections: the castle area where buildings like chapels, smithies, and armories were located. Maddytn. They had to remember the labels on the Motte and Bailey diagram for 60 seconds and then fill out the diagram on the sheet in front of them. Learning objectives. He needed bases from which to control the country and strongholds to protect his soldiers from enemy … Made in London. What is a motte and bailey castle? They picked the next student and so on. motte and baileys were built of wood and cheap and abundant materials. The stone keep castle was the next step up from the Motte and Bailey because it was made for comfort as well as a sign of power. The Motte-and-Bailey style of castles is a bit different from what you would normally think of as a castle. Flashcards. Spell. In England, the first proper castles were the motte and bailey castles. What were the disadvantages of motte and bailey castles? This is a short video explaining what a Motte and Bailey is ; Why they were important and what were their strengths and weaknesses. They were operating in a foreign country against a hostile people, and they were massively outnumbered. The Stone keep had a number of advantages over the mote and bailey Castle. > Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Free. Then got pupils to come up to the board to say where they thought a section were and the good and bad points about it. Write. They were good to show that they had strength and control. Motte and Bailey Castles. Gravity. Terms in this set (10) Advantage 1. They were quick to build and could be made in about a week. Several were built in England and Wales after the conquest; by 1216 there were around 100 in the country. an impressive stone keep upon a Motte is Tamworth Castle, In Lewes, Sussex, UK, the Motte was shaped like a lozenge, and there was small Bailey at each corner. At a glance: advantages of Motte and Bailey castles Cheap and easy to build – you could even use an existing mound or hill for foundations Didn’t require and specialist materials – … Oh no! ... What were their advantages and disadvantages? Advantage 3. … The development of the castles were cheap and quick. While the concept of ditches, ramparts and stone walls as defensive measures is ancient, raising a motte is a medieval innovation. Due to this fact, people started thinking of castles as living quarters rather than defensive bases. I use cookies to improve your experience on this website. William knew that his men were at a disadvantage. A motte and bailey castle could be up in a few weeks! Advantage 2 . Although the base of the hill may have been large, the bailey at the top was often quite small. They also had a slip with descriptions on too help them after the the time too fill it in. Motte and Bailey castles were built in the 11th century just after the battle of Hastings in 1066. Advantages and Disadvantages of Stone Keep Castles Stone keep castles held many advantages over the motte-and-bailey castles that they superseded. The walls could also be made very thick, meaning they were very strong. Nov 7, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Larae Tjoelker. Why castles? 3 of 11. the midsection consisted of a bridge which could be pulled up to prevent invaders from attacking the third section, the keep. The biggest advantage of the Motte and Bailey design was how extremely cheap and easy to build it was. This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. This is an excellent and engaging lesson that have I have used in observations and have received outstanding feedback Construction didn't require any special materials, and the work could usually be carried out by … Duffus Castle, near Elgin, Moray, Scotland, was a motte-and-bailey castle and was in use from c.1140 to 1705. Click the button below to download this worksheet for use in the classroom or at home. At a glance: the disadvantages of concentric castles . They were cheap as the materials needed were wood and earth which were easily available. Therefore it would be more intimidating to an attacker. Tamworth Castle in the UK is an impressive example. Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Download → PDF Worksheet: Aimed at Students studying at UK Year 7 or equivalent; Free to download; Use as you wish in the classroom or home environment; Structured … Stone castles had a number of advantages over wooden motte and bailey. Discover (and save!) We’ll also consider when these castles were built, and where you can see some good examples of concentric designs nowadays. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. A motte also meant that one was defending from the “high. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The earliest of these castles were constructed from timber and earth alone. If you are 13 years old when were you born? Motte And Bailey Castles Advantages and Disadvanteges. They were easy to burn down and the wood they were … ground”, shooting downhill. The Stone keep was also much taller than a Motte and Bailey Castle and so the defenders could enjoy a view for miles around, ensuring that surprise attacks were not an option for a would be attacker. One advantage is obvious. Motte and bailey castles were quick and cheap to erect - - some only took a couple of weeks! Wooden. A “bailey” was simply an area that was surrounded by “curtain walls”. PLAY. A wooden tower stood on a manmade hill and a t the bottom of the hill was the bailey. What were motte-and-bailey castles? Summers 'skeptical' about student loan forgiveness Main doorways were built above ground level; disadvantages of stone keep castles. It looks like your browser needs an update. Test. However, despite these magnificent advantages, this type of castle design wasn’t always practical – or affordable. 2. They were quick to build, taking less than two weeks to construct. Because of the strength of stone it can be built up to provide an advantage in height and giving a good view for miles. Square keep castles were made of stone to last longer - stone was guaranteed not to rot so these castles were much stronger than wooden motte and bailey ones. 'DWTS' crowns new champion and viewers are not happy. The advantags and disadvantages of a Motte and Bailey Castle. Relatively easy to build with unskilled labour, but still militarily formidable, these castles were built across northern Europe from the 10th century onwards, spreading from Normandy and … It was larger and made of stone. Learn. A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised area of ground called a motte, accompanied by a walled courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade. They were a true European innovation. The castles were quick to build. 2 Answers. Primarily, they were undeniably stronger defensive fortifications – until the late 12 th and early 13 th century, stone keep castles were effectively impossible to breach. Each of these castles did have a strongly defended entrance point though, and the core of … What were the main features of Edward 1's castles in North Wales? There are quite a few problems with the wooden Motte and Bailey castles because the wood may rot and the wood is easy to burn which would make it easy for attackers. Advantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Besides, the timber tower on top of the motte gave an advantage for the defenders. The castle that was built the first time was a castle with motte and bailey, which was used during the year 1066 to 1087. Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Burt's Bees apologizes for offensive holiday ad. This often made defense tricky, as enemies could climb the hill from many different directions, Building a large Motte was a disproportionately difficult task – larger hills require much more piled earth than smaller hills – it’s disproportionately hard to build a large castle. The advantags and disadvantages of a Motte and Bailey Castle. The huge motte with its timber tower on top gave the defenders an advantage. It was because the materials were available and only need a couple of weeks to build them. Motte and Bailey castles were the 'original castle design'. They protected the soldiers that William used to control the country and were easy to defend. The advantages were that it was quick and easy to build, and it was high up so you can fire down at the attackers. (1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. Some existing motte-and-bailey castles were converted to stone, with the keep and the gatehouse usually the first parts to be upgraded. Discover their advantages and disadvantages - with lots of examples and photos. There are some advantages and disadvantages. the blood-stained story of the 1066 Battle of Hastings, Cheap and easy to build – you could even use an existing mound or hill for foundations, Didn’t require and specialist materials – earth and timber were always nearby, Didn’t need any time to plan a design too carefully – could be built with unskilled men who’d never even seen a castle before, Could be built quickly – allowing the conquerors to move onto the next town, Surprisingly hard to capture – the height and ditch gave quite a big advantage against attackers, Timber burns easily -and attackers quickly learned that firing flaming arrows could defeat the castle, Timber rots, to0 – castles quickly ran into disrepair, and often became abandoned by their owners, Mottes often had a broad base. Created by. Building one’s defensive structure on a motte provided an excellent view of the surrounding countryside from almost every viewpoint. your own Pins on Pinterest During its occupation it underwent many alterations. When … Stone castles, Concentric castles, Motte and Bailey Castles What are the advantages and disadvantages of round keep castles? Advantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. The bailey was designed so that any point on its circumference (outer edge) would be within bowshot of the tower. A lesson that allows students to consider how Motte and Bailey Castles were developed and their advantages and disadvantages. This meant that the living quarters for the noble were quite small – and didn’t have much grandeur. There are many advantages of motte and bailey castles. Designers could use an existing mound or hill for foundations which could save significant construction time. STUDY. 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