Up until about two hundred years ago, both Protestant and Roman Catholic Bibles contained the same books. One effect of this interest was a separation of those books that were known to be originally written in Hebrew from those that were not. I’ll explain below. Some Protestant Bibles now print these extra writings as a block between the Old and New Testaments. Why the difference in Bibles? Though individuals can, of course, have their own specific beliefs, there are five key differences between Protestants and Catholics. The basic reason is that the Protestant leaders chose to accept only the books of the Old Testament accepted as canonical in Judaism, which they assumed was the Bible used by Jesus and the earliest Christians. “There wasn’t a difference between Catholics and Protestants until the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. into Greek. The Latin Bible (called the Vulgate, “common text”) was brought to order by the church father Jerome; it remained the common Bible for over a millennium and included the deuterocanonical books. King James Bible is the Protestant bible. Want to learn more? The status of the extra books remained somewhat fluid in early Christian history, but most Christian writers used an Old Testament that included extra books until the time of the Reformation (sixteenth century). > What are the differences between the Catholic Bible and the King James Bible? Early Protestants thought these books did not carry the authority of the other books of the Bible though they were still worth reading. The difference arises in the Old Testament. As to why the Catholics have more books, it is a matter of ecclesiastical history. This follows the practice of Martin Luther (but not Calvin), who considered these books “not equal to the Sacred Scriptures, but useful ad good for reading.”. Subscribe to our channel and like! • Catholic Bible is the book followed by the Catholics, or accepted as the Holy Scripture by the Catholics. Protestants deny pope and other scriptures other than Bible. In this article, we will clarify many of the issues for you, with regard to Baptists and Catholics. Roman Catholics believe that the pope is the head of the worldwide Church. In early Protestant Bibles, the Deuterocanonical books had been placed together in a separate section between the Old and New Testaments. Moreover, it divides its list of Old Testament books into four (Pentateuch, Historical books, Poetry/Wisdom and Prophets) rather than the three Jewish divisions of the Torah (Pentateuch), Nevi'im (Prophets) and Kethuvim (Writings). The Protestant Bible and Catholic Bible are not the same book. 4. Though the Bible, in essence, carries the word of God, there exists some difference between Catholic Bible and Christian Bible. Later on, when St. Jerome translated the whole Bible into Latin (the common language of the Western Roman Empire), he translated the Greek New Testament and the original Hebrew Old Testament into Latin, and then also translated the Greek “Apocrypha” into Latin with prefaces indicating that they were not part of the original Hebrew Old Testament. The reason for the Protestant/ Catholic difference here goes all the way back to the Old Testament, first written in Hebrew (and Aramaic, a related language), and then translated about 200 B.C. Catholics call the books included in the Catholic Bible and not the Protestant Bible the deuterocanonical books. There is a discussion on the long conflict between the two confessions. Another reason for the difference is that the Eastern Orthodox do not hold the same legalism as the Catholic Church when it comes to inspiration and canonical status. Protestants possess Five Solae that contradicts basic teachings of Roman Catholic Church. According to church teaching, the pope is preserved from any possibility of error when speaking on matters of faith a… To this day, massive differences remain between Protestants (hereafter referred to as Christians) and Catholics. The differences between Catholic and Protestant is essential if you are to understand modern history according to Heal. Prior to that, there were probably a couple of translations … Right around the middle of the 16th century and the 1530s, 1560s we see different translations or versions of the Bible. Protestants call them apocryphal books. Actually, Catholics have eight more books (Tobit, Judith, 1-2 Maccabees, Ecclesiasticus or Wisdom of Ben Sira, Wisdom of Solomon, Baruch and letter of Jeremiah) and two additions (additions to Esther and additions to Daniel), totalling 47 books and two additions. 7 Books! 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