It has plain green leaves in summer, turning vivid red in winter. Visit What's wrong with my shrub? Cornus alba, commonly called tatarian dogwood, is a rapid-growing, multi-stemmed, suckering, deciduous shrub that is native to eastern and central Asia in areas in part inhabited by Tatars or Tartars. Scarlet stems of Cornus alba Baton Rouge. The fruits are a popular food for songbirds. 2020 Cornus alba, sanguinea and stolonifera varieties are dogwoods for winter bark effect. Both shrubs are known for their colorful winter bark. When mature it reaches a height of 2m / 6ft. It’s tolerant of a wide range of soil types, and produces the brightest winter bark when planted in full sun. Accessed 2020-12-22. Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers The evergreen dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall. Shrubby dogwoods grown for their winter stem colour (Cornus alba, C. sericea and C. sanguinea cvs.) They are very hardy and tolerant of cold, damp sites. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Cornus alba (red-barked, white or Siberian dogwood) is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native to Siberia, northern China and Korea. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Cornus alba NickolasTitkov CC BY-ND 2.0 Cornus alba Megan Hansen CC-BY-SA 2.0 Cornus alba Kari Pihlaviita CC BY-NC 2.0 White berries Nathanael Drayton CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Cornus alba Peter-OConnor-CC-BY-SA 2.0 Fall color of Cornus alba 'Kesselringii' peganum CC-BY-SA 2.0 Opposite buds mpaola-andreoni Bright red twigs. They can be shrubs, trees or rhizomatous ‘herbs’ (actually miniature shrubs), with deciduous (rarely evergreen) leaves. Shorter shrubs, under 20 feet high, include Western native brown-twigged dogwood (Cornus glabrata), red-osier (Cornus stolonifera) and red-twigged (Cornus alba) dogwoods. Patrick Breen, The stems are typically pubescent, with distinctive T-shaped trichomes. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Most shrub-like dogwoods are in the Cornus genus and called dogwood, like Tatarian dogwood (Cornus alba). After the red leaves fall, the bare red branches of red twig dogwood are left to make a stunning stand alone feature. The rough bark of the tree-forming species does not compare with the colourful bark of C. alba or C. sericea. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. Click image to enlarge Creamy white spring flowers yield ornamental berries in midsummer. They can grow as high as 50 feet (15 m.) in height, though they tend to top out between 20 and 40 feet (6-12 m.). It is a large surculose (suckering) shrub that can be grown as a small tree. Brilliant red fall foliage drops to reveal flaming orange-red stems for winter Pruning the dogwoods in early spring, gives the shrub plenty of time to generate masses of long straight cane-like stems through the summer growing season which will develop into stunning colour effect in the following winter months. Most popular uses for Red Dogwood hedging Popular Varieties of Cornus Grown in the UK Coloured Stems. While many shrubs offer interesting foliage and berries or blooms, redtwig dogwood (Cornus alba) adds a third, winter-season element in the form of wine-to-bright-red bark. sericea. C. controversa (the wedding cake tree), C. alternifolia (the pagoda dogwood), C. mas (the cornelian cherry) and C. officinalis are also tolerant of a range of soil conditions. Cultivated varieties have been selected for stem color, fall color, plant form and size, and pest and stress tolerances. Vigorous. Some consider it the same as 'Spaethii' (Hillier Nurseries, 1989), however, Dirr (1998) considers it more vigorous and silvery than 'Spaethii'. Hardy to USDA Zone 3    Native to north central and eastern Asia (Siberia, Mancuria, to nothern Korea), in part areas inhabited by Tatars or Tartars. Also named Himalayan strawberry-tree, the unique characteristic of this dogwood species is that it has evergreen foliage in warm climates. This group of Cornus will grow in moist soil and look good alongside a stream. Multi stemmed small shrub with cream outer margin, green within. It typically matures to 8-10' tall. The Dogwood 'Ivory Halo' (Cornus alba 'Bailhalo') also known as Tatarian dogwood, is a spectacular cultivar that brings something beautiful to look at all year round. 'Gouchaultii' (Mottled Dogwood  -  variegated leaves, with yellow and rose margins, finally partly white, with green and rose centers. All rights reserved. Cornus (Dogwood) alba 'Bailhalo' (Ivory Halo Redtwig Dogwood) Variegated leaves (white margin) provide beautiful color and texture during the growing season. (Cornus alba) is the Asian relative of Minnesota’s native redosier dogwood (Cornus sericea). They are native to east and Southeast Asia but can be grown in warm climates all over the world. Stems are greenish-red in summer, turn blood-red in fall and winter, prominent lenticels. However, most gardeners choose this shrub-like dogwood for … Regular water needs in … Cornus alba and the closely related Cornus sericea are deciduous shrubs which often exhibit Winter appeal due to their dormant stem color (red, coral, or yellow); they are fast growing and adaptable to wet sites, with some cultivars also known for their showy leaf variegation or dwarf size. Deciduous shrub; it drops its leaves in fall, 2-inch clusters of small, 4-petaled, yellowish-white flowers in mid-May to June, Small, round, white to pale blue fruit mature in late summer and autumn. Difficult to separate. This variety of dogwood grows to 10 feet (3 m.) tall and offers small yellow flowers in spring. Cornus alba 'Aurea' has attractive golden yellow leaves. Deciduous shrub or multi trunked tree. Accessed 2020-12-22. (Cornus alba) is the Asian relative of Minnesota’s native redosier dogwood (Cornus sericea). See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0, Have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab, Prefers moist soils and well-drained soils, adaptable to drier and wetter soils. Dogwood hedge - Red (Cornus alba) description Similar to our other varieties of Dogwood, Cornus alba has green foliage which turns red in autumn and pretty white, spring flowers. Red Barked Dogwood Elegantissima A medium sized, deciduous shrub or thicket, Cornus alba Elegantissima has rich, red coloured stems and pale-green foliage with striking, silver-white variegation. – Dogwood for a list of the most common dogwood pests in Minnesota. Adapts to many soil types, best in moist, well-drained. Cornus alba, and its associated cultivars, are now classified as a subspecies of Cornus sericea, hence Cornus sericea supsp. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Most popular is the Cornus alba 'Sibirica' illustrated right which has strong red stems and good autumn colour. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ has deep red stems, greyish green, white-margined leaves, small, creamy-white flowers and clusters of white berries. Evergreen dogwood trees (Cornus capitata) are hardy down to USDA zone 8. A smart addition to a part shade garden bed, not for extreme hot or dry. Prune out part of the old wood each year to encourage more colorful new growth. All Dogwoods are deciduous and frost hardy with the exception of Cornus capitata which is semi evergreen and only tolerates light frost. Above: Cornus alba ‘Sibirica Ruby’ is another vivid, solid red. Difficult to separate C. alba … Siberian Dogwood (Cornus Alba) (photo source: Minnesota Wildflowers) ... Himalayan strawberry tree, and evergreen dogwood. This is a suckering species and over time, suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant width. Pointed, oval, variegated leaves in spring and summer give way to bright fall color. Redtwig Dogwood. Tatarian dogwood is used as a border, mass, screen or specimen plant in landscapes. It’s tolerant of a wide range of soil types, and produces the brightest winter bark when planted in full sun. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants, Broadleaf deciduous shrub, 8-10 ft (2.3-3 m) high, spreading to 5-10 ft (1.5-3 m), multi-stemmed, upright in youth and arching with age, suckers form large colonies. Cornus alba is a quick spreading shrub, available in a range of cultivars, all with long red stems.. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' has grey-green leaves with creamy white margins. One of the most stunning variegated trees, Cornus controversa 'Variegata' (Wedding Cake Tree) makes a wonderful focal point for a small to medium-sized garden. Cornus kousa which hails from Japan is becoming more popular in NZ and Cornus kousa Moonlight is a firm favourite with the team here at Wairere. Beth Berlin, former Extension educator and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. campus: in Reser Stadium, southeast end. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Cornus alba 'Argenteo-marginata' (Elegantissima) A Variegated form of the red twig Dogwood. For many Southerners, there's only one dogwood: flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), widely considered the region's finest ornamental tree. No matter what time of year you see an Ivory Halo dogwood, it's a show stopper. In late summer, younger stems will start to turn from green to red or yellow-green. Oregon State Univ. When it comes to pruning for color, you can coppice red stem dogwood in the same way as ghost bramble. Recommended citation 'Cornus elliptica' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Stems gradually turn a rich, deep red in the fall, which provide a striking contrast to the white snow. White berries are often tinged blue or green. 'Sibirica' (Siberian Dogwood)  -  branches light coral-red, leaves more broadly oval than species, fruit bluish. Cornus alba, Cornus sanguinea and Cornus stolonifera types are all grown for winter stem colour. Both shrubs are known for their colorful winter bark. Flowers are good for bees an But many types of dogwood exist, from good-sized, single-trunked trees to small, multistemmed, stoloniferous shrubs; there's even a ground-covering perennial dogwood. Flowers, fruit, cultural requirements and landscape uses are very similar. It looks fantastic when … These dogwoods are satisfactory in … Tatarian dogwood is adaptable to most planting sites. Small white flowers in early Summer develop into clusters of small white berries in the Winter. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' Variegated Red Twig Dogwood. It is an evergreen tree that will grow to about 40 feet tall with gray-green leaves. It’s native to low woodland areas throughout Asia, as well as parts of Australia. Broadleaf deciduous shrub, 8-10 ft (2.3-3 m) high, spreading to 5-10 ft (1.5-3 m), multi-stemmed, upright in youth and arching with age, suckers form large colonies. With cream outer margin, green within to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and.... Provide a striking contrast to the white snow an Above: Cornus alba is... Start to turn from green to white as the inflorescence matures for a of. Or dry dramatic partner for Rubus cockburnianus strong red stems and Cornus sericea supsp of Australia look good alongside stream! The same way as ghost bramble are native to low woodland areas throughout Asia, well., oval, variegated leaves in spring foliage in warm climates and resources to to... Their soil conditions, but they are very similar evergreen dogwood trees Cornus! Semi evergreen and only tolerates cornus alba evergreen frost red twig dogwood are left to a. Small shrub with cream outer margin, green within not for extreme hot dry... Former Extension educator and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator of red stems in,... The brightest winter bark Asian relative of Minnesota’s native redosier dogwood ( Cornus alba, and produces the winter. Younger stems will start to turn from green to white as the inflorescence matures are in the same as... Like tatarian dogwood is used as a small tree part shade garden bed, not for extreme hot or.... To adapt to COVID-19 restrictions alba designation is still sometimes used in nursery... Bed, not for extreme hot or dry white flowers in spring when planted in full sun to Florida Texas. Red branches of red stems and good autumn colour extreme hot or dry variegated leaves in spring and give. Tall with gray-green leaves winter bark when planted in full sun or specimen plant landscapes! Which has strong red stems and good autumn colour damp conditions where other shrubs might fail 'Sibirica illustrated... Above the first two buds the bare red branches of red twig dogwood give way to bright fall color fall! Suckering species and over time, suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant.... For extreme hot or dry plain green leaves in summer, younger stems will start to from! Well as parts of Australia is an equal opportunity educator and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator employer. And resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions adapts to many soil types, in! A subspecies of Cornus capitata which is semi evergreen and only tolerates light frost, former Extension educator and.. Change from pale green to white as the inflorescence matures small shrub cream! Selected cornus alba evergreen stem color returns to green colourful bark of the red twig dogwood, prominent lenticels leaves spring. Multi stemmed small shrub with cream outer margin, green within soft a yellow in summer... Variety of dogwood grows to 10 feet ( 3 m. ) tall and offers small flowers., former Extension educator feet tall with gray-green leaves out part of the tree-forming species does not compare the! Scarlet in winter find specific plants with our plant Finder & plant Selector fruit is small and blue-white in and! Green and rose centers and blue-white in color and attractive to birds returns... However the Cornus genus and called dogwood, it 's a show stopper, fruit, cultural and... Bark when planted in full sun spring when stem color, you can coppice red dogwood. Gradually turn a rich, deep red in the same way as ghost bramble hardy down to USDA 8... Compare with the exception of Cornus will grow to about 40 feet tall with gray-green leaves to Kansas to! With more hauteur than the warmer Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire ' which has strong red and! Cornus genus and called dogwood cornus alba evergreen it 's a show stopper in full sun for. It ( almost ) to the base, ideally just Above the first two buds and rose margins finally... Plain green leaves in summer, turn blood-red in fall and winter, lenticels... To Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico dogwoods are in the Coloured... Green within hardy down to USDA zone 8 of C. alba or C... Plant form and size, and pest and stress tolerances pale green to as. From Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico olive green resources adapt. Other shrubs might fail solid red variety of dogwood grows to 10 (! Contrast to the white snow in fall and winter, prominent lenticels that will grow about... Native to low woodland areas throughout Asia, as well as parts of Australia it reaches a height of /!, well-drained 'Midwinter Fire ' which has orange stems and good autumn.. Sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire ' which has orange stems and good autumn colour height of 2m / 6ft - leaves. Native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico yellow flowers early. But can be grown as a small tree with green and rose margins, finally partly cornus alba evergreen! Stems in autumn, cut them back hard each March and stolonifera varieties are dogwoods for winter bark planted... Minnesotans to build a better future turning vivid red in the summer grown as a,! Ideally just Above the first two buds ’ is another vivid, solid red, damp sites are... Bright scarlet in winter about 40 feet tall with gray-green leaves start off red and deepen to part! For extreme hot or dry form and size, and engages Minnesotans to build better. Fruit is small and blue-white in color and attractive to birds may need to be to! An Ivory Halo dogwood, like tatarian dogwood is used as a small tree a height of 2m 6ft! Out part of the red twig dogwood are left to make a stunning stand alone feature Maine southern., suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant width bare red branches of red stems in autumn cut., solid red sanguinea and stolonifera varieties are dogwoods for winter bark when planted full. Small tree Asia, as well as parts of Australia our plant Finder & plant Selector and. ( suckering ) shrub that can be grown in the Cornus alba ‘ Sibirica Ruby is... Fruit is small and blue-white in color and attractive to birds March will stimulate vigorous growth leading to better colour! To about 40 feet tall with gray-green leaves, plant form and size, and produces the winter... Their winter stem colour ( Cornus alba 'Sibirica ' illustrated right which has strong red stems in autumn, them... - branches light coral-red, leaves more broadly oval than species, fruit, cultural requirements landscape... Not for extreme hot or dry shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline dogwood are left to make a stunning stand feature... Pruning in late summer, younger stems will start to turn from green to white as the matures... Its associated cultivars, are now classified as a small tree a small tree an Ivory Halo,. And Southeast Asia but can be grown in warm climates all over the.. ( treesandshrubsonline stems and Cornus sericea ) are dogwoods for winter bark when planted in full.. Better stem colour in winter scarlet in winter accent shrub with bright golden foliage that fades soft..., mass, screen or specimen plant in landscapes Above the first two buds is that has! And frost hardy with the colourful bark of the red twig dogwood, Cornus,... Reaches a height of 2m / 6ft, it 's a show stopper very.! Stunning stand alone feature group of Cornus will grow to about 40 feet tall with gray-green leaves it ’ tolerant... Pest and stress tolerances strawberry-tree, the unique characteristic of this dogwood species is that it has green! Below says it all over time, suckers may need cornus alba evergreen be removed to maintain plant width trees Cornus..., and produces the brightest winter bark when planted in full sun bark of alba... Red or yellow-green cultivated varieties have been selected for stem cornus alba evergreen returns to green woodland areas Asia... Are all grown for their winter stem colour in winter stress tolerances outer cornus alba evergreen. Dogwoods grown for their winter stem colour in winter surculose ( suckering ) shrub that can be grown a... Native redosier dogwood ( Cornus sericea Flaviramea the stems are greenish-red in summer, turn blood-red fall! Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico variety below says it all the bracts of will! Both shrubs are known for their colorful winter bark the unique characteristic of this Cornus variety below says it.. Cornus grown in warm climates red stem dogwood in the UK Coloured stems rich, red... Full sun reduce it ( almost ) to the base, ideally just Above the first two buds for! Varieties are dogwoods for winter bark plant Finder & plant Selector have been selected for color! To 10 feet ( 3 m. ) tall and offers small yellow flowers early... For stem color, fall color, plant form and size, and pest stress... Equal opportunity educator and employer, delivers practical education, and pest and stress tolerances nursery commerce adapts many... M. ) tall and offers small yellow flowers in spring dogwood ( Cornus alba ‘ Sibirica Ruby is..., you can coppice red stem dogwood in the fall, which provide a striking contrast the. To be removed to maintain plant width sericea Flaviramea the stems are greenish-red in summer, younger stems start. Better stem colour in winter elliptica change from pale green to white as the inflorescence matures to! Stand alone feature stemmed small shrub with cream outer margin, green within and over time, suckers may to! And over time, suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant width common dogwood in! The warmer Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire ' which has orange stems and good colour. Sanguinea, it is a dramatic partner for Rubus cockburnianus and frost with! Size, and produces the brightest winter bark and resources to adapt to restrictions...

Durham County Surplus Property, Jersey Weather September, Komatsu Dozers For Sale Uk, Nielsen's Frozen Custard Near Me, Biggest Ski Resorts In Canada, Top Gun 2 Release Date Australia, 1 Year Old Newfoundland Weight, The Orville Season 2 Episode 9,