There are two basic parts to stairs, the run and the riser. Please see our OSH Answers document on Prevention of Slips, Trips and Falls. Babies and young children can get hurt falling off furniture or down the stairs. indirectly from any use or reliance upon the information. Statistics on Stairway Falls. However, because the majority of people prefer a slope of 30º-35º, this is the recommended range. If stairs are more visible, these judgments are easier. Around 1 in 3 adults over 65 who live at home will have at least one fall a year, and about half of these will have more frequent falls. Make sure to keep the necessary horizontal and vertical clearances in the guards to prevent the risk of young children falling through and to not facilitate climbing. Slips and trips that lead to a fall (on the same working/walking surface or falling few feet) A cause for tripping is: Loss of balance due to contact an object or obstruction In a 2017 study written in The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, it was found that every year, there is an average of over one million injuries that come as a result of falling down the stairs. Personal factors which make an individual more likely to fall on their stairs include: - Decreased balance - Disturbed gait - Illness - Impaired vision Difficulties involving judgment of distance and depth perception are particularly important. Because they can result in head injuries, serious falls are one of the most traumatic and devastating accidents a baby or child can have. We’re talking about serious falls: a toddler falling from an open window; a new-born infant falling head-first from a bed; a crawling baby falling down a flight of stairs. With a range of color options available and options such as Glowline and Sightline, safety isn’t the only benefit you can reap from installing them. Broken stairs are among the most serious causes of a slip or fall on stairs, and can occur in a few different ways. This is often due to the stairs being contaminated with water or food product, or the use of inappropriate footwear. Unfortunately, now you know what can happen when a staircase defect causes you to lose your balance and fall. Otherwise you can trip on a step or miss it completely. New, and often temporary, health conditions that can cause falls include: constipation; infection — including a bladder, urinary tract or chest infection; dehydration; sudden confusion (sometimes called delirium) Figure 4 shows the recommended cross-section and dimensions of a good handrail. Such a surface can be made of rubber, or metal or painted with special slip-resistant paint. Our non-slip stair treads are designed to minimize the risk of slips and falls on stairs. The depth of any landing should be at least equal to the width of the stairs. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 905-572-2981Toll free 1-800-668-4284(in Canada and the United States). Stair tread & step construction or maintenance mistakes can create a wide range of serious stair fall hazards. Inner Ear Issues. ... Place non-skid tape on the edges of steps and stairs to make it easier to see. Here are five causes of falls, according to BrightStar Care: 1. TORONTO — A raised bit of concrete on a sidewalk. We expect this update to take about an hour. In fact Safety Council statistics indicate falls are among the most common causes of traumatic brain injury. The majority of stairway accidents are caused by a … The ratio of riser height and tread depth has to be adjusted accordingly. Broken or malfunctioning lighting should be repaired or replaced. Medical conditions associated with … Slips occur due to loss of balance or contacting an object or obstruction: false. This illustrated lecture examines causes and prevention of workplace falls on stairs. You should be able to run your hand smoothly along the entire length without having to adjust your grip. The maximum range for a stair slope is 20º-50º. Because stairway accidents can cause severe injury and even death, building codes for stairs and ramps are justifiably very rigorous. Therefore, as well as making physical changes to your staircase to ensure that it’s safer overall, it’s critical that you follow the right safety practices when you use it. Alternatively, you could use Amstep stair nosing. To reduce the risk of slipping on stairs, non-slippery surface on the whole steps or at least on the leading edges is crucial. No matter whether you’re looking to enhance the safety of your home, a public place, or a workplace, it’s important to adhere to safety guidelines and enhance the safety of your staircases with products such as treads, nosings, and non-slip coatings. From ensuring that there are handrails provided on each staircase to guaranteeing that each stairway platform and landing is at least 30 inches in depth, it will help to create stairs that are safe for all your employees. *E - Tread run: between 25.5 and 35.5 cm*. Slippery surfaces: This is one of the most often cited reasons why people slip and fall on stairways. Use lighting or paint to emphasize the outline of each stair. If you’re looking for invaluable guidance around how stair related accidents occur, where they can occur, common injuries related to it, how to recover and how to improve safety, read on to find out more. Remove moss, slime or fallen leaves from outdoor paths. Topics include stairway design, lighting, maintenance, housekeeping, slick substances, and fall-prone activities. So you might be wondering – what are the most common injuries from falling down stairs? When doors open directly into the stairwell, a 50 cm-wide platform should be provided beyond the swing of the door. What to do if you fall. Includes design suggestions for safe stairs and a glossary of terms. Scientists have linked several personal risk factors to falling, including muscle weakness, problems with balance and gait, and blood pressure that drops too much when you get up from lying down or sitting (called postural hypotension). Common injuries caused by stairway falls include internal bleeding, fractured bones, brain injuries, soft-tissue injuries, and dislocations. Of course, this will depend on how extreme the injury is, but it’s good to know the type of medical attention you might face if an accident does occur. Use matte finishes on the treads to avoid glare. Rain, snow, or ice collecting on outdoor stairs increases the risk of accidents. The recovery period for minor incidents typically involves allowing the injured muscles, bones, or joints to rest. And if you don’t live with anyone or you fall when no one else is home, you could find yourself in serious danger. After this type of injury, there may be long-term issues with mobility, memory, cognition, and behavior that require long-term rehabilitation. A fall might be the first sign of a new or worsening health condition. Add a badge to your website or intranet so your workers can quickly find answers to their health and safety questions. If you fall on one of these stairs, the property owner might be liable for sacrificing safety for beauty. Other causes include safety hazards in the home or community environment. Good design can substantially reduce the potential for mis-stepping by providing us with the means to retrieve our balance, but even the best design cannot eliminate falling hazards entirely. So limit this risk as much as you possibly can. The causes of why workers fall on or from stairs are often overlooked. Photographs of stair and step defects illustrate a wide range of causes of falling down the stairs - stair trip and fall hazards and injury sources Worn, Loose, Damaged Steps & Stair Fall Hazards. Use angular lighting and colour contrast to improve depth perception. Stair tread & step construction or maintenance mistakes can create a wide range of serious stair fall hazards. The majority of stairway accidents are caused by a loss of balance. Scheduled maintenance - Thursday, July 12 at 5:00 PM EDT. It is therefore crucial to be able to grasp it quickly, easily and firmly if you should start losing your balance. Some medicines can cause you to feel dizzy or sleepy, making you more likely to fall. Accidents can happen at any time and to anyone – so it’s vital that the right steps are taken to prevent this from happening. And although a high portion of those in the study were older adults, the highest statistic (67.2%) found that it was a combination of these people, along with younger children. Interestingly, many believe that it’s only older individuals that primarily fall down the stairs. Well, alongside following the above safety practices, you could take proactive steps such as installing Amstep stair treads or stair nosing. A 38-year-old man slips at home while rushing down hardwood stairs wearing socks and falls hard onto the stairs injuring his back. Contact our Safety InfoLine Causes of falls on stairs are: Both B and C. For portable ladder safety: Inspect ladder frequently. The circumstances of stairway falls often include engagement in risky behaviors, such as using stairs laden with objects, carrying items on stairs, using stairs in stocking feet, and not using a handrail; video analysis suggests 41% of stair accidents coincide with distracted attention, lateral movement, change in handrail use, or reaction to others . MORE ABOUT >. Additionally, few men wear high heels which are thought to contribute to stairway falls. Handrails must be “graspable”. These defects may include: Amstep Products (See Figures 2 and 3), From: Kodak's Ergonomic Design for People at Work. He is having a lot of trouble walking because of right-sided low back pain that radiates up his back and down to his thigh when he tries to … ©2020 Amstep Products, All Rights Reserved, Site created by Thomas Marketing Services Powered by Navigator Platform, Ensure that you’re staying alert when you’re on the stairs (e.g not being distracted while using them), Walk slowly up the stairs (avoid running or skipping steps). Stairway safety should always be at the forefront of your mind every time you use stairs. Sometimes, liquids spilled on stairs and not mopped up right away may cause individuals to lose their footing on stairs. So you might be wondering – what are the most common injuries from falling down stairs? Falls on stairs can be a major threat to health, independence and confidence. For older adults, falls can be especially serious. 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