. A sophisticated network of channels, pipes, reservoirs, and fountains supplied the city’s needs. Unfortunately, Laodicea was not established near an adequate water supply. The rivers were easy to symbolize on coins; their names, Lycus (Λύκος) and Caprus (κάπρος) mean wolf and boar , respectively, in Greek. In contrast, the nearby city of Hierapolis was known for its hot springs and mineral baths, while the city of Colossae seems to have had cold water sources. For instance: “Ephesus was supposed to have been uniquely associated with a tree shrine, but Smyrna’s refounding was linked to its own tree shrine. Laodicea, the building of which is ascribed to Antiochus II Theos in 261-253 BC in honor of his wife Laodice, was probably founded on the site of the older town. It did not have it s own water supply. Second, it was not as though Laodicea had no water supply or even a bad one (how could a Roman city flourish without a good water Supply?) And so it had to have its water piped in from the hot springs located six miles to the south. Laodicea was the secular capital of western Asia and renowned for its prosperity. The water apparently came either from hot springs or cooler sources. Laodicea depended on water from the neighboring city of Hierapolis located ten kilometers (six miles) to the north. A water supply is, of course, the lifeblood of any ancient city, and the importance of these two rivers is emphasized on many coins issued by the city over a period of centuries. Unfortunately, Laodicea was not established near an adequate water supply. The city was not established with a sufficient water supply for a large city. This valley was a primary trade route between the cultures of the West and East. To make their theory work, some interpreters imagine that Laodicea’s water originated at the hot springs of Hierapolis northwest of Laodicea. Tacitus records an earthquake in the 7th year of Nero AD 61 (Annals 14.27.) Laodicea received its water through an aqueduct coming from a spring four miles to the south. The water supply in Laodicea was almost undrinkable, and this is used by Christ as a metaphor for the quality of their Christian works: No healing qualities like the hot water that originated in Hierapolis. However, the city had much in its favor, and of special note were its three main industries. Laodicea was known as a place where the water supply, which came to the town through six miles of aqueduct, was neither hot nor cold, which is how Jesus described that city’s church. Although it had earlier been called Diospolis and then Rhoas, Antiochus II of Syria “named it for his wife Laodike” and “populated it with Syrians and with Jews who were transplanted from Babylonia to the cities of Phrygia and Lydia” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia… The members needed to buy true riches in th… Like the church at Sardis, Laodicea had been bitten by the bug of complacency. Koester suggests that the imagery has to do with hospitality. The judgment against this church is that they are LUKEWARM (v. 15).The water supply to Laodicea came from a hot spring so the water in the city was indeed LUKEWARM (tepid).In this case, of course, it is the spiritual condition of the church that is being described.Rather than denying Christ, they made an empty profession.According to verse 16, this is nauseating to God. but an essential resource that enabled the city to thrive. The waters of neighboring Hierapolis, however, were famous as hot springs and would have provided a contrast with the tepid aqueduct water in Laodicea. This is about water. Rebuilt without accepting Roman financial help. In terms of natural resources, Laodicea had one major problem… water supply. Because these people had retired, they concluded they had served their purpose and had reached their goal. The Romans did not make pipes as we do today, so what they did was bore a hole through a stone block and cement the blocks together. Hieropolis had its mineral—laden hot springs. The water supplied by the spring ... was tepid and nauseous by the time it was piped to Laodicea, unlike the therapeutic hot water of Hierapolis or the refreshing cold water of Colossae (Rudwick and Green 1958); hence the Lord's words, 'Would that … One historian, Ramsay, describes Laodicea as a city of no extremes; a city that had no peculiar characteristics unless this lack of character was its character. The sheep in the area were noted for their soft, violet-black, glossy wool. • Laodicea was part of a triad of cities with Hierapolis and Colosse. (337). It had been built for its defensive position overlooking the road system. Questions and Answers regarding Revelation. 6. Laodicea’s water supply was like that of other cities—and water from aqueducts was considered good to drink. The city was a popular retirement area for the wealthy. It had no adequate water supply. So, it had to have its water pumped in from nearby Colossae or Hierapolis. QUESTION: Ancient Laodicea ANSWER: Ancient Laodicea isn’t much of a city anymore, but the unspoiled Roman ruins mark the countryside. The major weakness of Laodicea was its lack of a water supply. "The lukewarmness for which, thanks to this letter, the name of Laodicea has become proverbial, may reflect the condition of the city's water supply. 1 Both the cold water imported from Colossae and the hot water imported from Hierapolis would be lukewarm by the time it was piped to Laodicea. The water supply for the city came from hot mineral springs about five miles from the city. There are seven letters, starting in chapter 2 and ending at the end of chapter 3. It was a pipe system. It also had a large clothing operation. Others suppose that the source lying south of the city might have been a hot spring and that the water became tepid by the time it reached Laodicea . This is Apostel John’s letter to the Church in Laodicea, as it is on display at the church: “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of … Represents the “Christian church” of our own time. The term aqueduct also often refers specifically to a bridge carrying an artificial watercourse. What does Jesus mean by rejecting the “lukewarm” Laodiceans and wishing for hot or cold? . Structures were maintained and improved throughout the Hellenistic and Roman periods. D. Thousands of people visited Hierapolis to bathe in the spas and drink the water due to the claims that the water had medicinal benefits. But as it is, I feel toward you the way you feel toward your water supply—you make me nauseous. However, the city had much in its favor, and of special note were its three main industries. The city of Laodicea, currently located in modern Turkey, was situated in the Lycus valley, about 45 miles southeast of Philadelphia and about 100 miles east of Ephesus. . Small city until after the Roman period began: then rapidly became great and rich, the center of banking and financial transactions. No other city on the Lycus Valley was as dependent on external water supplies as Laodicea. It was a banking and financial center, which explains its available resources. . When an earthquake destroyed parts of the city in 61 A. D., it refused aid from Rome and used its own resources to rebuild. . from 3500 to 3000 BCE. Laodicea is located in the Lycus River Valley of western Asia Minor, near the influential, ancient cities of Hierapolis and Colossae. “ Unlike the mountain towns that had cold water streams or nearby Hierapolis that had access to hot springs, Laodicea had no water supply of its own. Laodicea, because it lacked its own water supply, had to have it transported from the nearby city of Hierapolis. They are tepid, objectionable, and something to be vomited out of the mouth” (344). It was the only church Christ did not commend for anything. These rivers provided the water the crops and flocks needed in the Lycos valley. The Laodiceans built an aqueduct to bring cold water down from the mountains. For all its wealth, Laodicea lacked its own water supply, so it imported water from the south through a six-mile-long aqueduct. More driven by trade, its builders located it where the roads crossed. Yet, while Laodicea appeared to have everything, it actually lacked the most basic of resources — water. Colossae was supplied by fresh, cold mountain springs coming down from nearby Mt. Water from this source has high mineral content. "The lukewarmness for which, thanks to this letter, the name of Laodicea has become proverbial, may reflect the condition of the city's water supply. Unfortunately, Laodicea was not established near an adequate water supply. Revelation 3 is making a contrast, not a comment on he city’s water supply? At the foot of Mount Cadmus, it benefited from an endless supply of cold, freshwater coming down from the snow caps. Remember that on a separate page there are common notes for the seven messages. not to persons alone, but also to the city's water-supply that was actually of a lukewarm temperature, this being suggestive of the spiritual condition of its Christian church. There are seven letters, starting in chapter 2 and ending at the end of chapter 3. . Unlike the nearby city of Hierapolis, with its hot springs famed for their healing properties, and Colossae, with its refreshing cold water, Laodicea had no permanent water supply. Laodicea was one of Revelation's seven churches who received a spiritual evaluation directly from Jesus Christ. Researchers have found tools made of flint and obsidian from this time. Laodicea didn’t have an adequate water supply within the city. Since his name meant ‘sweet complexioned,’ he created a wordplay that emphasized the pleasing quality of the ‘sweet-complexioned’ water being brought to the city. An article in the Hurriyet Daily News says the city’s water supply is still controlled 1,900 years later. The location would seemingly be ideal were it not for the city’s vulnerable water supply. . Jimmy; March 16, … Jesus famously condemns the lukewarmness of the church at Laodicea, and it is claimed that this refers to the Laodicean water supply: “. Laodicea, you see, had no reliable springs, no reliable city water of their own, so they imported their water. An ancient Roman water law inscribed in Greek on a large marble slab has been unearthed in Laodicea, Turkey, which appointed curators to oversee the city’s water supply and set fines for people who polluted or diverted the water. Laodicea was founded between 261 and 246 BC near city of Colossae. In fact, visitors praised the quality of Laodicean water: “Laodicea’s water was of good quality. o Laodicea had a twin city, Hierapolis, 6 miles away, that was known for its hot springs. Both types of water would be beneficial” (337). 1 From Christ to the Laodiceans. The major weakness of Laodicea was its lack of a water supply. Wikipedia has a good summary of its history. An excellent video clip showing the ruins and talking about the water system can be found on All About Archaeology. However, in contrast, there was one major weakness of this city. Jimmy; March 16, 2017; Nice observations, thanks. D. Thousands of people visited Hierapolis to bathe in the spas and drink the water due to the claims that the water had medicinal benefits. o Colosse was known for its cold refreshing mountain stream. Tragic, indeed! It is important to note that in stark contrast with both cities, Laodicea had no natural water supply. , even though the aqueduct actually comes in from the south. . Laodicea’s water was piped in via an aqueduct, from 6 miles away. There are large numbers of insulated "pipes" lying around amid the ruins of the city. From a military standpoint, Laodicea had an excellent advantage as a city nestled in the mountains. The eye salve was called … . Like Like. To be offered lukewarm wine was an insult to the guest and a mark against the host. More driven by trade, its builders located it where the roads crossed. Nine miles to the east of Laodicea lay the town of Colossae. 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