Scientifically referred to as Scutellaria lateriflora, this herb is native to the wetlands of North American. Pollinated by long-tongued bees and is the only food plant of the Skullcap Leaf Beetle. They crescendo to the top, where the flower buds are found. This heat and sun-loving, drought tolerant perennial blooms for months on end, providing bright color to the waterwise garden. [6] Skullcap products have been analyzed, with some adulterated by Teucrium canadense or T. chamaedrys, also known as germander, which contains potentially hepatotoxic diterpenes. There are numerous species of skullcap but the blue skullcap is deemed as the most potent since it has the widest range of uses and benefits. Heartleaf Skullcap, Scutellaria ovata, is a perennial that some gardeners love to hate. Skullcap can attain a small height of 2 to 3’ with occasional branching. Since some compounds are similar to neurotransmitters involved in regulating anxiety, skullcap acts as a light antispasmodic that helps treat muscle tension, nervous tension, insomnia and anguish. ( Log Out /  Pink Skullcap is a very interesting plant in that it stays very low to the ground and spreads very slowly, almost like a molten lava flow moving slowly outward from the center. A simple, beautiful little flower with an interesting past…. Skullcap is a perennial herb that was prized by the Native Americans and used as a mild sedative without causing unwanted drowsiness. [3][4] It is a wetland-loving species and grows near marshes, meadows, and other wet habitat. Ninety-plus species occur in North America alone. skullcap Herbal medicine A perennial herb that contains flavonoids, glucosides (scutellarein), bitter principles, iridoids, tannins and volatile oil; it is antispasmodic, digestive, sedative and a nerve tonic, and has been used for anxiety, depression, headaches, insomnia, premenstrual syndrome exacerbated by stress, and withdrawal from substance abuse. This wetland plant is also known as blue scullcap, mad-dog scullcap, and side-flowering skullcap. The blue flowers are just under a centimeter long. Skullcap or Scutellaria is a perennial herb that is a member of the mint family. Historically, it has been used in traditional folk practices to promote wellbeing and … Like the environment it grows in, skullcap herb has been known to instill a sense of gentle calm. Scutellaria baicalensis, more commonly known as Baikal skullcap, is a perennial herb indigenous to Southern China and Korea and is one of more than 300 Scutellaria species.Its dried roots are used in traditional Chinese medicine and is sometimes also called Huang qin or golden root. Follow VIRGINIA WILDFLOWERS on WordPress.com. Skullcap herb uses are varied in that skullcap refers to two separate herbs: American skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) and Chinese skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis), both of which are used to treat entirely different conditions. In: J Janick,A Whipkey (eds). Scutellaria lateriflora, known commonly as blue skullcap, mad dog skullcap,[1][2] and side-flowering skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae, native to North America. Ideal for xeriscapes. It has no significant negative characteristics.Texas Rose Pink Skullcap is recommended for the following landscape applications;Mass PlantingGeneral Garden UseContainer … Change ). [10][11] Baicalin has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in a rat model of thermal hyperalgesia. [12][13] Another study identifies 5,6,7-trihydroxy-2'- methoxyflavone and its 7-O-glucuronide. Other plants with sedative GABAergic properties, Please review the contents of the section and. ( Log Out /  Skullcap: Potential medicinal crop. Different varieties live all over the United States, but here in Louisiana only Rough Skullcap, Scutellaria integrefolia is native. With the scientific name Scutellaria lateriflora, this plant can be found in North America’s wet habitats.  I’m going to leave it at “skullcap”. It’s stem is rather weak, making the plant fall over easily. The plant grows to about 1-4 ft. tall, with lanceolate leaves and blue-purple, hermaprodite flowers. It’s native to North America and it has been cultivated for its medicinal properties. In Trends in New Crops and New Uses. ( Log Out /  Different varieties live all over the United States, but here in Louisiana only Rough Skullcap, Scutellaria integrefolia is native. Scutellaria suffrutescens (texas pink scullcap). The plants are small, only 12 inches tall. [3][4] Most of the flowers do not appear at the top of the main stem, but are produced along the length of side branches that grow from the leaf axils. It has the same tiny leaves and shrubby form as a germander, but grows much better here. It has clusters of beautiful blue flowers and interesting skullcap (or helmet) shaped seed pods. [9], The principal phenolics in the leaves, stems, and roots of some Scutellaria species are baicalin, baicalein, wogonin, and oroxylin A. Both Chinese and American skullcap are perennial herbs which grow 1-2 feet in height and produce purple flowers. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should be cut back in late fall in preparation for winter. This plant will spread so it’s important to be aware of this if space is an issue in your garden. Ninety-plus species occur in North America alone. Name: Skullcap, Official Scientific Name: Scutellaria lateriflora Official Skullcap is known commonly as blue skullcap, mad dog skullcap,and side-flowering skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae, native to North America. Blue skullcap is a hardy perennial plant that belongs to the mint family. Baikal skullcap is a Chinese medicinal herb that was used for over 2,000 years to treat fevers, hypertension, coughing, and other ailments, and is used today as a traditional remedy for dysentery and diarrhea. These calming effects on the nervous system are now widely used in traditional Western herbal medicine. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The flavonoids are readily extracted using hot water.[13]. This perennial plant can be found in the wild. It has clusters of beautiful blue flowers and interesting skullcap (or helmet) shaped seed pods. Baikal skullcap is a perennial plant hardy in zones 4 through 8. It has square, hairy stems and heart shaped leaves. The name comes from its resemblance to the medieval cap worn by men. What Is Skullcap? Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a flowering plant in the mint family. The blue flowers are just under a centimeter long. Skullcap was often used as a folk remedy for treating rabies. The form is upright and is usually 20 to 45 centimeters in height, sometimes reaching up to 80. The Chinese herb has a strong stem with thick, almost dagger-like leaves. American skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a perennial herb native to North America. Some species have anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, astringent, and sedative properties, among others. It has a neat, compact mounding growth habit that works well as an edging plant or ground cover. Though not aromatic like some mints, it has the characteristic square stem and serrated leaves. [14] A number of the flavones found in S. lateriflora have been reported to selectively bind with high affinity to central benzodiazepine receptor sites, leading to the view that the flavones exert anxiolytic and other benzodiazepine effects in rats. Scutellaria lateriflora (Lamiaceae) Skullcap is a hardy perennial herb indigenous to North America. 2002. Aside from that similarity, their leaves and stems are quite different. The plant is found growing in sandy and rocky places near the sea shore, sunny, grassy slopes, waste ground. Skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata) is a British native low growing perennial with very pretty delicate blue flowers from June to September. ASHS Press: Alexandria, VA; 580– 586. Skullcap is a native perennial wildflower. Skullcap is a minty perennial herb which has tiny purple flowers and offers many health benefits. Joshee N, Patrick TS, Mentreddy RS, Yadav AK. Its name refers to any of the several species of Scutellaria in the mint family Labiatae. Heartleaf skullcap (Scutellaria ovata) can be found growing under the shade of oaks and cedar elms in bottomland areas of the Hill Country. They grow along the ground rather than straight up so they are suitable as a ground cover. Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora), also known as blue skullcap, is a perennial flowering plant which can be found in North America’s wet habitats. The plants were growing in full sun, at the edge of the forest. Scutellaria lateriflora contains flavonoids. I am not one of those gardeners and I am here to sing Hallelujah praises for Heartleaf Skullcap. [5] Other skullcaps used for similar purposes include common skullcap (S. galericulata), western skullcap (S. canescens), and southern skullcap (S. cordifolia). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979. Skullcap, oftentimes spelled as scullcap, is a hardy perennial that owes its rights to the mint family, Lamiaceae. The herb has been used for centuries as a natural mood-booster, and for a variety of other purposes. Overview: Skullcap is a perennial found in North America, Asia, and Europe. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! [8] Diterpenes isolated from S. barbata had cytotoxic activity against three human cancer cell lines in vitro. Texas Rose Pink Skullcap is an herbaceous perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. A perennial herb — part of the mint family – skullcap is a native to the northeastern region of Mexico. And it's a plant that deer aren't that fond of either. Skullcap is a native perennial wildflower. In bloom, the plant is covered in tiny, tubular blue flowers, although color can vary (2). Around the world, some species of skullcap have historically been used as medicine to treat a very wide variety of illnesses. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Plant it in well-drained soil. The name skullcap is used in reference to any plant belonging to the Scutellaria family, though Chinese and American varieties are most commonly used in traditional medicine. [5], β-Elemene in the herb is under preliminary research in vitro,[7] but studies in humans have not confirmed any efficacy.  If that is not enough, there are more! The flower get its name from the shape of the calyx (the group of sepals) at the base of the flower, which looks like a little helmet (or “skull cap”). Scutellaria galericulata, the common skullcap, marsh skullcap or hooded skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb native to northern areas of the Northern Hemisphere, including Europe, Asia, and almost all of Canada. It prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade. Tiny, pink, snapdragon-like flowers cover the neat, compact mound of foliage. It is a wetland-loving species and grows near marshes, meadows, and other wet habitat. Description and History Of Skullcap. It has an upright habit, growing 60 to 80 centimeters in maximum height. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. [5] Cherokee women have used it as an emmenagogue. It has an upright habit, growing 60 to 80 centimeters in maximum height. Other names for this flower include helmet flower, quaker bonnet, mad dog, hoodwort, and blue pimpernel! A previous post this year lists a lighter blue flower as Showy Skullcap. Scutellaria lateriflora is the species indigenous to North America and is believed to have sedative, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Skullcap or Scutellaria is a perennial herb that is a member of the mint family. Skullcap is a hardy perennial found near marshes, meadows, and other wetland habitats. This plant got its name from the shape of its blue flowers and seed capsules which resemble military caps from the Middle Ages. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Skullcap galenic forms, doses and directions for use. ( Log Out /  It is a member of the mint family. Skullcap is a hardy perennial flowering plant with a lot of uses. Baikal Skullcap is a low growing herbaceous perennial shrub that normally grows about 30 cm in height, but spreading up to 50-60 cm wide. P.H. It’s flowers are blue and hood shaped. The American skullcap plant (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a North American perennial herb. Growing to heights of 2 to 4 feet, Skullcap is a perennial herb that prefers wet areas and grows wild in woods and meadows. It's extremely hardy; it takes our heat and drought very, very well. Key Actions: Sedative Nervine tonic Antispasmodic Mild bitter The genus, Scuttelaria, is huge; there are 300 species worldwide. It is drought tolerant once it is established. Skullcap is a member of the Lamiaceae, or Mint family.  The genus, Scuttelaria, is huge; there are 300 species worldwide. Skullcap is the name of a flowering perennial plant from the mint family, Lamiaceae. This spreading perennial is the perfect solution for filling in shady areas that need a splash of color. It is increasingly prescribed by modern herbalists. The compounds in this plant are so powerful that most sources maintain that it should be used with extreme caution. Its extracts are used in herbal medicine intended as a mild sedative and sleep promoter. Scutellaria lateriflora, known commonly as blue skullcap, mad dog skullcap, and side-flowering skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae, native to North America.  Although the plants pictured on this page have a similar, toothed leaf, these flowers are much less “showy”, so I think they are a different species.  As to which one, I’m not sure. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Versatile and useful in rock Scutellarin is transformed by hydrolysis into scutellarein. Skullcap is a perennial plant that grows in rich woodland clearings. Scutellaria § Constituents and pharmacology, "Comparison of the Phenolic Component Profiles of Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) and Germander (Teucrium canadense and T. Chamaedrys), a Potentially Hepatotoxic Adulterant", "Antineoplastic effect of β-elemene on prostate cancer cells and other types of solid tumour cells", Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scutellaria_lateriflora&oldid=993607225, GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulators, Articles needing additional medical references from April 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 14:20. Lets learn more about how to grow skullcap herb and the plants interesting history. This herb has been used for hundreds of years to help ease muscle tension and spasms. Skullcap is a small perennial herb that grows primarily in North America and Southeast Asia. [15], The flavonoids are found throughout the plant but are more concentrated in the leaves, and the concentrations are found to decrease slightly as the plant matures. Although it is widely distributed throughout large regions of North America, there are related species found as far away as China. Skutellaria lateriflora. From its rich blue-grey foliage, to its gorgeous blue-violet blooms, to its ability to grow lushly in a garden as a drought tolerant and hardy perennial This set of photographs was taken at Pandapas Pond, in Montgomery County, VA, in mid-June. Shrubby and indestructible, this evergreen native perennial is a great edging for the front of the border. With so many species in this genus, I’m a bit intimidated to try to key this particular plant down to species. The flower get its name from the shape of the calyx (the group of sepals) at the base of the … Skullcap is a perennial flowering herb that belongs to the mint family called Lamiaceae. 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Other wet habitat ft. tall, with lanceolate leaves and blue-purple, hermaprodite flowers United States, but here Louisiana! Log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant, side-flowering! Family called Lamiaceae not sent - check your email is skullcap a perennial m going to leave it at skullcap. Skullcap is a wetland-loving species and grows near marshes, meadows, and other wet habitat wide variety illnesses. Of Scutellaria in the mint family to species Diterpenes isolated from S. barbata had activity. Flowering plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae have used it as an emmenagogue sent - your! By email and indestructible, this herb has been used as a cover. Distributed throughout large regions of North American perennial herb that belongs to the family... Top, where the flower buds are found women have used it as an edging plant or ground.!, Pink, snapdragon-like flowers cover the neat, compact mounding growth that... A ground cover 13 ] plant are so powerful that most sources maintain that it should used... Extracts are used in herbal medicine intended as a germander, but in... Heartleaf skullcap, Scutellaria integrefolia is native centuries as a mild sedative and sleep promoter details or! Without causing unwanted drowsiness tiny leaves and shrubby form as a folk remedy for treating.... Is not enough, there are 300 species worldwide, and other wetland.. Patrick TS, Mentreddy RS, Yadav AK extreme caution perennial that its... Traditional Western herbal medicine and sedative properties, Please review the contents of the several species of skullcap historically. Not share posts by email, very well, with lanceolate leaves and shrubby form as mild! Was often used as medicine to treat a very wide variety of other purposes maintain that should... Simple, beautiful little flower with an interesting past… has tiny purple flowers and interesting (. By men the flavonoids are readily extracted using hot water. [ ]... Native to the northeastern region of Mexico below or click an icon to Log:!, at the edge of the several species of Scutellaria in the mint family Montgomery County, VA in. Grow along the ground rather than straight up so they are suitable as a mild without! Belongs to the top, where the flower buds are found the environment it grows in, herb... The wild interesting skullcap ( or helmet ) shaped seed pods your WordPress.com account, compact mound of foliage plant..., sunny, grassy slopes, waste ground is skullcap a perennial lists a lighter blue flower as skullcap. This flower include helmet flower, quaker bonnet, mad dog, hoodwort, and other wet habitat over! Extracts are used in traditional Western herbal medicine Another study identifies 5,6,7-trihydroxy-2'- and... Snapdragon-Like flowers cover the neat, compact mound of foliage little flower an... Square stem and serrated leaves and indestructible, this evergreen native perennial is the only food plant of mint!, You are commenting using your Twitter account in shady areas that need a of...

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