For example, minority youth may commit robbery offenses at a greater rate than white youth, with the greater arrest rate simply reflecting these behavioral differences. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), “At its simplest, the RRI is a means of … The relative rate index (RRI)represents the relative volume of minority juveniles to the volume of majority juveniles (adjusted by population) at stages in the juvenile justice system. The relative rate index is a measure of disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system. Due to the presence of so few Caucasian juveniles in the juvenile justice system in the District of Columbia, it is impossible to employ statistical procedures to understand DMC using the RRI method. Data below shows the trend data for the District of Columbia. Admissions of Youth <18 to Adult Prison, 2003 White African What is an RRI? In all, in 2010 few decisions made in the juvenile justice system processing of robbery offense cases were racially disparate. Moreover, the RRI … Data Items Rate of Occurrence - White Youth Rate of Occurrence - Minority Youth Relative Rate Index 1. Virginia has determined that DMC does exist among its juvenile justice population. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) developed the relative rate index (RRI) to measure and monitor DMC at each of nine contact points in the juvenile justice system: 1) arrest; 2) referral to court; 3) diversion (includes informal probation); 4) secure detention; 5) charges (petition) filed; 6) found delinquent; 7) placed on formal probation; 8) placed in secure correctional facility; and … Only more targeted research can uncover the most likely causes. The matrices present major decision points and compare processing “rates” by race and ethnicity through the relative rate index. Whenever groups are treated equally – both will have an RRI equal to “1.” This is true even when one group of youth is larger than the other group of youth. However, this racial disparity may not be the result of racial bias in the decisionmaking process. Studying the set of Relative Rate Indices for a specific decision process enables us to see the unique contributions made by each decision point to the overall disparity in the system. The relative rate index (RRI)represents the relative volume of minority juveniles to the volume of majority juveniles (adjusted by population) at stages in the juvenile justice system. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) developed the relative rate index (RRI) to measure and monitor DMC at each of nine contact points in the juvenile justice system: 1) arrest; 2) referral to court; 3) diversion (includes informal probation); 4) secure detention; 5) charges (petition) filed; 6) found delinquent; 7) placed on formal probation; 8) placed in secure correctional facility; and … ! Source: OJJDP Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook, 2008. Cases Involving Secure Detention 13.11 17.23 1.31 6. OJJDP Relative Rate Index (RRI) to measure DMC decision points beyond the arrest stage. The Relative Rate Index compares the arrest rate for White youth with the arrest rate for African-American youth. Or it could be that even when both groups commit crimes at similar rates and these crimes are equally likely to be reported to law enforcement, law enforcement is more likely to arrest minority youth for their robbery offenses. And some decisions (those with Relative Rate Indices less than 1.0) reduce the level of disparity in the system. The RRI is represented as a number, and is calculated for each minority group (Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, Black and Hispanic). The funds also help states address the core requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act: deinstitutionalization of status offenders, separation of juvenil… Due to the presence of so few Caucasian juveniles in the juvenile justice system in the District of Columbia, it is impossible to employ statistical procedures to understand DMC using the RRI method. 5 OJJDP-2015-3689 OJJDP FY 2015 Title II Formula Grants Program ... OJJDP is committed to continued evolution of our nation’s juvenile justice system to a Population at risk (age YY through XX ) 2. Roughly 90 percent of American Indian juveniles live in just 26 states. Using only data available for calculating the RRI, it is not possible to determine which or how much each of these factors contribute to racial disparities reflected by the RRIs at the arrest decision point. The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is used by OJJDP to compare level of contact with the juvenile justice system as experienced by different groups of youth (OJJDP, n.d.b). resources have been added to the SBB: A new Data Snapshot draws on national arrest estimates to document declines in juvenile arrests through 2019.; A new FAQ showing high school dropout rates by state has been added to the education section under the Population Characteristics. Implementing Relative Rate Index Calculation. The data provided in the graphs below are specific to Shelby County and the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County (JCMSC) for 2019. The RRI for the adjudication decision indicates that these decisions actually helped somewhat to reduce the overall level of racial disparity in the processing of robbery offense referrals by the system given that the RRI for minority youth was less than 1.0. 2 Please note, there is no national data collection specifically designed to monitor vital signs on racial and ethnic fairness at the state-level. “-” = Numbers too low to calculate rates. The arrest rate is calculated by dividing the number of arrests for each group by the population of that group. More from the State Relations … Instances of contact with Caucasian juveniles 2. Again, many factors could have lead to this racially-disparate decision. The relative rate index (RRI) is a coefficient calculated using four numbers: 1. The Relative Rate Index Method (RRI) What does this mean? ; A new Data Snapshot draws on data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System to document the trends … rates with the juvenile justice system, at which decision points, to what extent, and for which racial or ethnic groups. Funding through OJJDP's Formula Grants program (Title II) helps states address juvenile delinquency and supports improvements to the juvenile justice system. How to Calculate the RRI? Some decisions (those with Relative Rate Indices equal to 1.0) neither increase nor decrease disparity but maintain the level of disparity that resulted from prior decisions. Information gathered from the JCMSC is used to create the Relative Rate Index (RRI) Tables below. As outlined by the OJJDP DMC Reduction Model, the identification of disproportionality occurs in four steps: defining the contact points, identifying data sources, collecting data and calculating and interpreting Relative Rate Index (RRI) values. The relative rate index is a commonly used metric nationally. Whenever groups are treated equally – both will have an RRI equal to “1.” For additional background on the calculation method, see this excerpt from a technical assistance manual developed by … The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is a helpful way to compare the experiences of different groups of youth within the juvenile justice system. Juvenile Arrests 78.18 318.11 4.07 3. The RRI provides a single index number that indicates the extent to which the volume of that form of . The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is used by OJJDP to compare level of contact with the juvenile justice system as experienced by different groups of youth (OJJDP, n.d.b). And utilized the the Relative rate Index 1 states and localities have collected and utilized the Relative. Relations … Source: OJJDP Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook,.... Court ( 2012 Missouri data ) 1 system processing of robbery offense cases racially. 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