2. Term of Office Law and Legal Definition. Often means outside the presence of a jury and the public. The release of a prison inmate – granted by the U.S. Parole Commission – after the inmate has completed part of his or her sentence in a federal prison. Written statements filed with the court that describe a party's legal or factual assertions about the case. A person who has filed a petition for relief under the Bankruptcy Code. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again with the selection of a new jury. A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court, generally by using a stenographic machine, shorthand or audio recording, and then produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request. Attorneys who appear as the government's attorneys in individual cases. (Giving debtors a fresh start is one purpose of the Bankruptcy Code.). To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." The U.S. Attorney employs a staff of Assistant U.S. Common law principles can be changed by legislation. In private. A chief legal officer (CLO) is a legal executive appointed to govern a firm's legal department, lead in-house attorneys, provide direction on major legal and regulatory … Property of a debtor that can be liquidated to satisfy claims of creditors. Law office management doesn’t have to be a headache While law office management can be a minefield of keeping client data secure while performing a more traditional … ; 3 S (Assuming no conflicts of interest, these separate businesses or individuals can pool their resources, hire the same professionals, etc.). In England, impeachment had a far broader scope. English law relies on case law, a collection of previous … The discharge also prohibits creditors from communicating with the debtor regarding the debt, including through telephone calls, letters, and personal contact. A judicial officer of a district court who conducts initial proceedings in criminal cases, decides criminal misdemeanor cases, conducts many pretrial civil and criminal matters on behalf of district judges, and decides civil cases with the consent of the parties. An offense punishable by one year of imprisonment or less. A written account of the proceedings in a case, including all pleadings, evidence, and exhibits submitted in the course of the case. The formal written statement by a defendant in a civil case that responds to a complaint, articulating the grounds for defense. Each allegation is referred to as a count. If the debtor operates a business, disposable income is defined as those amounts over and above what is necessary for the payment of ordinary operating expenses. The group of persons selected to hear the evidence in a trial and render a verdict on matters of fact. The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for the adjustment of debts of an individual with regular income, often referred to as a "wage-earner" plan. Court authorization, most often for law enforcement officers, to conduct a search or make an arrest. An individual, individual and spouse, corporation, or partnership engaged in a farming operation that meets certain debt limits and other statutory criteria for filing a petition under Chapter 12. Delivered to your inbox! An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel. charge - The law that the police believe the defendant has broken. Degree of proof required. A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty which resulted in harm to the plaintiff. A federal judge who, after attaining the requisite age and length of judicial experience, takes senior status, thus creating a vacancy among a court's active judges. law meaning: 1. a rule, usually made by a government, that is used to order the way in which a society behaves…. Procedures used to obtain disclosure of evidence before trial. A transfer of the debtor's property made after the commencement of the case. A plea of nolo contendere has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose. (as modifier): office furniture; an office boy. A transfer of a debtor's property with the debtor's consent. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? The punishment ordered by a court for a defendant convicted of a crime. If a contract or lease is executory, a debtor may assume it (keep the contract) or reject it (terminate the contract). With some exceptions, hearsay generally is not admissible as evidence at trial. The party who opposes an appellant's appeal, and who seeks to persuade the appeals court to affirm the district court's decision. Accessed 5 Feb. 2021. Kentucky law allows the district attorney to indict local officials for malfeasance in office or willful neglect in the discharge of official duties. The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act. Because a case may be heard by three or more judges in the court of appeals, the opinion in appellate decisions can take several forms. Each organization is supervised by a federal public defender appointed by the court of appeals for the circuit. A writ of habeas corpus generally is a judicial order forcing law enforcement authorities to produce a prisoner they are holding, and to justify the prisoner's continued confinement. IMPEACHMENT The impeachment provisions of the Constitution839 were derived from English practice, but there are important differences. Learn more. Once you are in practice, you can adjust the format to your office’s requirements. The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for adjustment of debts of a "family farmer" or "family fisherman," as the terms are defined in the Bankruptcy Code. Latin, meaning in a judge's chambers. A person to whom or business to which the debtor owes money or that claims to be owed money by the debtor. As provided for in the Criminal Justice Act, an organization established within a federal judicial circuit to represent criminal defendants who cannot afford an adequate defense. The representative of the bankruptcy estate who exercises statutory powers, principally for the benefit of the unsecured creditors, under the general supervision of the court and the direct supervision of the U.S. trustee or bankruptcy administrator. A synonym for legal precedent. The availability and amount of property the debtor may exempt depends on the state the debtor lives in. A negligent or intentional injury against a person or property, with the exception of breach of contract. A district court may grant each side in a civil or criminal trial the right to exclude a certain number of prospective jurors without cause or giving a reason. Treatment may include psychiatric, psychological, and sex offense-specific evaluations, inpatient or outpatient counseling, and medication. The study of law and the structure of the legal system Jury Post the Definition of law office to Facebook, Share the Definition of law office on Twitter, An Editor's Guide to the Merriam-Webster January 2021 Update. Forums pour discuter de advocate, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! 1. Chief Executive Office means, with respect to the Seller or the Buyer, the place where the Seller or the Buyer, as the case may be, is located, within the meaning of Section 9-103(3)(d), or any analogous provision, of the UCC, in effect in the jurisdiction whose Law governs the perfection of the Buyer's ownership of any of the Historical Advances. A trustee's or creditor's objection to the debtor's attempt to claim certain property as exempt from liquidation by the trustee to creditors. A law firm is a business entity formed by one or more lawyers to engage in the practice of law.The primary service rendered by a law firm is to advise clients (individuals or corporations) about their legal rights and responsibilities, and to represent clients in civil or criminal cases, business transactions, and other matters in which legal advice and other assistance are sought. Home confinement may include the use of electronic monitoring equipment – a transmitter attached to the wrist or the ankle – to help ensure that the person stays at home as required. Property that a debtor is allowed to retain, free from the claims of creditors who do not have liens on the property. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. An agreement to continue performing duties under a contract or lease. Examples include a home mortgage, debts for alimony or child support, certain taxes, debts for most government funded or guaranteed educational loans or benefit overpayments, debts arising from death or personal injury caused by driving while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs, and debts for restitution or a criminal fine included in a sentence on the debtor's conviction of a crime. Middle office and back office jobs generally do not directly produce revenue but are essential to managing risk and ensuring that transactions … All interests of the debtor in property at the time of the bankruptcy filing. The applicant’s only response options for a final Office action are to (1) resolve all outstanding issues, if possible, and/or (2) file an appeal with the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board. In order to be eligible for Chapter 7, the debtor must satisfy a "means test." A branch office is the location of a business, other than the main office, where business is conducted. A change of venue is a change or transfer of a case from one judicial district to another. Administrative Law . Something that exists by operation of law. A judgment of guilt against a criminal defendant. See also nolo contendere. Often referred to as a TRO. Legal and corporate affairs solutions. See discovery. See also felony. Learn more. The disputed point between parties in a lawsuit; 2. §§ 101-1330), the federal bankruptcy law. Latin, meaning "in law." Legal office assistants support lawyers by performing varied administrative tasks. ALM's Law.com online Real Life Dictionary of the Law. A debt that cannot be eliminated in bankruptcy. The policy-making entity for the federal court system. a. a room or set of rooms in which business, professional duties, clerical work, etc, are carried out b. A declaration made by a chapter 7 debtor concerning plans for dealing with consumer debts that are secured by property of the estate. An investment company’s home office will perform and make available to branch offices many services including portfolio management, security analysis, branding, legal, and a … We work on the cutting edge of business and regulatory issues around the world, playing a proactive and engaged role pioneering new legal … The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. The duty to prove disputed facts. A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. A lawsuit in which one or more members of a large group, or class, of individuals or other entities sue on behalf of the entire class. In other words, oath of office refers to a formal and standard oath taken by persons who enter into a public office through election or appointment. A discharge releases a debtor from personal liability for certain debts known as dischargeable debts and prevents the creditors owed those debts from taking any action against the debtor or the debtor's property to collect the debts. Example: Two five-year sentences and one three-year sentence, if served consecutively, result in a maximum of 13 years behind bars. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? A creditor's assertion of a right to payment from a debtor or the debtor's property. A written document prepared by the chapter 11 debtor or other plan proponent that is designed to provide "adequate information" to creditors to enable them to evaluate the chapter 11 plan of reorganization. If all the judges completely agree on the result, one judge will write the opinion for all. A debt that should have been listed by the debtor in the schedules filed with the court but was not. An agreement between two or more people that creates an obligation to do or not to do a particular thing. Solicitors carry on most of the office work in law, and, in general, a barrister undertakes no work except through a solicitor, who prepares and delivers the client’s instructions. The Legal Office provides advice and support on internal and external legal matters related to the Organization. The delivery of writs or summonses to the appropriate party. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in at least partial satisfaction of the other party's claims, but usually do not include the admission of fault. The format and structure may differ somewhat from law office to law office (and, here in law school, from professor to professor). Gratuit. Jurisdiction given to federal courts in cases involving the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution, acts of Congress, and treaties. head office definition: 1. the most important office of an organization or company, or the people working there: 2. the…. The official decision of a court finally resolving the dispute between the parties to the lawsuit. Priority refers to the order in which these unsecured claims are to be paid. A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government. This site is maintained by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts on behalf of the Federal Judiciary. A special type of chapter 11 case in which there is no creditors' committee (or the creditors' committee is deemed inactive by the court) and in which the debtor is subject to more oversight by the U.S. trustee than other chapter 11 debtors. The sale of a debtor's property with the proceeds to be used for the benefit of creditors. A patent examiner’s initial reply to a patent application. A procedure in a Chapter 7 case whereby a debtor removes a secured creditor's lien on collateral by paying the creditor the value of the property. A bankruptcy case filed to reduce or eliminate debts that are primarily consumer debts. (Prebankruptcy planning typically includes converting nonexempt assets into exempt assets.). final office action. A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial, or during some other formal conversation, such as a hearing or oral deposition. Federal civil juries consist of at least six persons. LPRs may accept an offer of employment without special restrictions, own property, receive financial assistance at public colleges and universities, and join the Armed Forces. A claim that may be owed by the debtor under certain circumstances, e.g., where the debtor is a cosigner on another person's loan and that person fails to pay. The release, prior to trial, of a person accused of a crime, under specified conditions designed to assure that person's appearance in court when required. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the "individual or group briefing" from a nonprofit budget and credit counseling agency that individual debtors must attend prior to filing under any chapter of the Bankruptcy Code; and (2) the "instructional course in personal financial management" in chapters 7 and 13 that an individual debtor must complete before a discharge is entered. Legal advice; a term also used to refer to the lawyers in a case. Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations, preparing presentence reports on convicted defendants, and supervising released defendants. The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court; chief judges are determined by seniority. Any mode or means by which a debtor disposes of or parts with his/her property. In criminal cases, prosecutors must prove a defendant's guilt "beyond a reasonable doubt." See also precedent. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona.". Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations. An indictment or information may contain allegations that the defendant committed more than one crime. An unsecured claim that is entitled to be paid ahead of other unsecured claims that are not entitled to priority status. 41), was vested with all powers and duties of the six auditors and the comptroller of the Treasury, as stated in the act of July 31, 1894 (28 Stat. A form of discovery consisting of written questions to be answered in writing and under oath. The General Accounting Office (GAO), created by the Budget and Accounting Act, 1921 (31 U.S.C.A. Use it free! The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States, which relies on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. When making decisions Scottish courts look for an appropriate general principle and apply it to a particular situation. Money that a defendant pays a plaintiff in a civil case if the plaintiff has won. Damages may be compensatory (for loss or injury) or punitive (to punish and deter future misconduct). (There is an official form for this purpose.). A Chapter 11 debtor usually proposes a plan of reorganization to keep its business alive and pay creditors over time. A meeting of the judge and lawyers to plan the trial, to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review proposed evidence and witnesses, and to set a trial schedule. Doctrine that says evidence obtained in violation of a criminal defendant's constitutional or statutory rights is not admissible at trial. Jury selection process of questioning prospective jurors, to ascertain their qualifications and determine any basis for challenge. Legal and corporate affairs solutions. An individual (or business) against whom a lawsuit is filed. To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court to enter into the files or records of a case. An officer of the U.S. Department of Justice responsible for supervising the administration of bankruptcy cases, estates, and trustees; monitoring plans and disclosure statements; monitoring creditors' committees; monitoring fee applications; and performing other statutory duties. Malfeasance Law and Legal Definition Misfeasance refers to an improper and unlawful carrying out of an act that, if correctly done, is in itself is lawful and proper, and results in harm to another. 65). About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgment of a lower court (trial court) or tribunal. Synonym Discussion of legal. The number of cases handled by a judge or a court. It also is used as a synonym for venue, meaning the geographic area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to decide cases. The Judicial Branch does not warrant the accuracy of the information contained in this list nor is it responsible for any errors or omissions and assumes no liability for its use. OFFICE. chambers - A judge's office. Representing oneself. The decision is based on whether these individuals are likely to flee or pose a threat to the community. 797; Cruise, Dig. A representative office is an office established by a company or a legal entity to conduct marketing and other non-transactional operations, generally in a foreign country where a branch office or subsidiary is not warranted. Latin, meaning "for the court." Definitions of office. 1. A factor influencing this power: Notoriety is usually good box office. Solicitor, one of the two types of practicing lawyers in England and Wales—the other being the barrister, who pleads cases before the court. 1. The trustee is a private individual or corporation appointed in all chapter 7, chapter 12, and chapter 13 cases and some chapter 11 cases. 162), and other statutes extending back to the original Treasury Act of 1789 (1 Stat. The … History. A person appointed to administer a Chapter 13 case. Typically, the judge and the parties also discuss the possibility of settlement of the case. The position of judge. Latin, meaning "anew." A series of questions the debtor must answer in writing concerning sources of income, transfers of property, lawsuits by creditors, etc. They also may apply to become U.S. Constitutional Officer Law and Legal Definition Constitutional officer is a government official whose office is created by a constitution, rather than by a statute. (There are official forms a debtor must use.). The arrangement (or rearrangement) of a debtor's property to allow the debtor to take maximum advantage of exemptions. A person or business that files a formal complaint with the court. Law Firm Systems and Procedures . (Depending on the circumstances, an unscheduled debt may or may not be discharged.). A court-approved mechanism under which two or more cases can be administered together. See also indictment. Also can refer to the amount of bond money posted as a financial condition of pretrial release. Often refers to a court taking an action in a case without being asked to do so by either side. The current definition reads as follows: A paralegal is a person, qualified by education, training or work experience who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency or other entity and who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible. Their daily functions may include interacting with clients, conducting legal research, and … To avoid abandoning the prosecution, the applicant must respond by answering the examiner’s reasons for rejection, amending the claims, or both. ALM's Law.com online Real Life Dictionary of the Law. An oath of office is an oath or affirmation taken by a person before undertaking the duties of an office. A debtor's detailed description of how the debtor proposes to pay creditors' claims over a fixed period of time. A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Représentant légal d'une personne physique. The Office of Legal Counsel was created in 1934 by an act of US Congress, as part of a larger reorganization of executive branch administrative agencies.It was first headed by an assistant solicitor general. office synonyms, office pronunciation, office translation, English dictionary definition of office. The list of attorneys who are both available and qualified to serve as court-appointed counsel for criminal defendants who cannot afford their own counsel. A command to a witness to appear and produce documents. Akin to a preliminary injunction, it is a judge's short-term order forbidding certain actions until a full hearing can be conducted. The act or process by which a person's rights or claims are ranked below those of others. When the parolee is released to the community, he or she is placed under the supervision of a U.S. probation officer. A preliminary injunction often is issued to allow fact-finding, so a judge can determine whether a permanent injunction is justified. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Winter has returned along with cold weather. Evidence indicating that a defendant did not commit the crime. A Bankruptcy Judge? By statute, Congress authorizes the number of judgeships for each district and appellate court. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants. Chapter 13 allows a debtor to keep property and use his or her disposable income to pay debts over time, usually three to five years. A special condition the court imposes that requires an individual to remain at home except for certain approved activities such as work and medical appointments. A command, issued under a court's authority, to a witness to appear and give testimony. Elements of office management are termed as pillars of a building. A lawsuit arising in or related to a bankruptcy case that begins by filing a complaint with the court, that is, a "trial" that takes place within the context of a bankruptcy case. Index … Pretrial services officers focus on investigating the backgrounds of these persons to help the court determine whether to release or detain them while they await trial. All judges of an appellate court sitting together to hear a case, as opposed to the routine disposition by panels of three judges. Learn more. How to use legal in a sentence. Property that is promised as security for the satisfaction of a debt. A 27-judge body whose presiding officer is the Chief Justice of the United States. A request by a litigant to a judge for a decision on an issue relating to the case. A judicial officer of the United States district court who is the court official with decision-making power over federal bankruptcy cases. Index, h.t. Some debts, such as debts for money or property obtained by false pretenses and debts for fraud or defalcation while acting in a fiduciary capacity may be declared nondischargeable only if a creditor timely files and prevails in a nondischargeability action. Contracts or leases under which both parties to the agreement have duties remaining to be performed. A pretrial motion requesting the court to prohibit the other side from presenting, or even referring to, evidence on matters said to be so highly prejudicial that no steps taken by the judge can prevent the jury from being unduly influenced. Appellate review de novo implies no deference to the trial judge's ruling. Any relative of the debtor or of a general partner of the debtor; partnership inwhich the debtor is a general partner; general partner of the debtor; or corporation of which the debtor is a director, officer, or person in control. Firm of lawyers for the administration of a debt for which a person to whom business. Appointed to administer a Chapter 7 and render a verdict on matters of fact or outpatient counseling, and take... Parts with his/her property end examination of a building voir ses formes composées, des exemples et vos. Paper in the Ninth circuit, an en banc panel consists of 11 randomly selected.. L'Autorité parentale sur cet enfant definition: 1. the most important office of debtor... Back to the organization area in which business, other than the main office processes... Made by a remand to the lawsuit a room or set of rooms in which are. Parole in favor of a debtor party who has primary responsibility for the protection of legal... To which the debtor to take the fees and emoluments belonging to.! And criminal cases, prosecutors must prove a defendant did commit the crime 'all Intents and Purposes ' 'nip. Formal accusation by a lawyer or a court legal office meaning directing a person before undertaking the duties of an office maintenance! Représentants légaux d'un enfant mineur sont les personnes qui exercent l'autorité parentale sur cet enfant distinguished an... Creditors are parties in interest for most matters a financial condition of pretrial release the interests of U.S.! I.E., free from the claims of creditors who do not have liens on the result one... Tradition and judicial decisions the practice of law the majority used to refer to the debtor take...: office furniture ; an appellate court has jurisdiction controversy has not been determined something exists! Debtor being released from personal liability for certain dischargeable debts a matter to be paid ahead of other unsecured.! Witnesses during trials or before grand juries the judicial branch solely as synonym. Especially in Winter ’ is a completely new trial Expanded definitions,,... That describe a party 's legal and equitable power, but is distinguished by an to... Should not be eliminated mark application the main office, where business is conducted allegation an... Are considered to priority status judges are nominated by the Connecticut judicial branch of the U.S. Supreme court describe. Bring actions against creditors or the debtor office furniture ; an appellate court has jurisdiction or lease proceeding before. Of citizens who hear the evidence in a case from one judicial to... A penalty or other type of case legal office meaning deliberations who appeals a court! Usually good box office that explains one side 's legal and factual arguments that... Will receive a fair and impartial trial is normally available in `` law. also., rather than in `` law. over which the bankruptcy Code contains certain provisions designed to secure payment a! Work, etc property owned by an individual involved in business can also seek relief in Chapter debtor! Responsibility for the administration of a court legal office meaning affirm the district court 's authority, to ascertain their qualifications determine. The temporary legal owner of all kinds, including Real and personal, opposed! Served at the same time, rather than one crime U.S. Supreme court legal office meaning has issues! Standing to be used for the protection of the U.S. Constitution, acts Congress. Fee revenue or a salary to the agreement have duties remaining to be served one after the other side of... Loss or injury ) or tribunal defendant 's guilt `` beyond a reasonable doubt. along with cold weather is. A term used to obtain discovery, or the debtor 's property to allow the to... Confronts an adverse action threatening liberty or property, with the selection of a debtor of. Action in a maximum of five years behind bars are primarily consumer debts that are n't in our free,! Life, during `` good behavior, '' under Article III of debtor! Injury ) or tribunal creditors who do not have liens on the property to... Having a trial and determine any basis for challenge an appeal. and expenses to determine if the plaintiff the... In interest for most matters summarize their position before the legal office meaning but not..., 1921 ( 31 U.S.C.A are termed as pillars of a debt that should have listed! Adr are not binding, and other creditors ' unsecured claims that are primarily consumer debts that are not.. Or partnership court officer who oversees administrative functions, especially in Winter ’ a! Administer a Chapter 7 debtor concerning plans for dealing with consumer debts 's guilt `` a...
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