It does best on rich, moist and loamy soils in locations with mostly or full sunlight although it is quite tolerant partial shade. It has compound leaves with 2-4 inch long leaflets that turn yellow-red to red-purple in autumn. Found in cool woods, thickets, and swampy moist areas, it … This bush does not begin to produce fruit until approximately five years of age. The dark, shiny green leaves of the highbush blueberry are 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, oval-shaped with a point, and have a tough, leathery texture. 0000000994 00000 n American highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. The leaves occur opposite, are simple, 3-lobed and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4”) long. The High Bush Cranberry is a straggling to erect shrub, 2-7'. The undersides are hairy. 221 0 obj <> endobj When I saw Kevin writing about them, and that he had been out foraging, I had to ask. Highbush Cranberry. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit strongly (somewhat) resemble cranberries. Pol., Hortorum Cultus 10(4) 2011, 201-215 DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF VIRUSES OF HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY AND CRANBERRY … Either way, a high bush cranberry is a highbush cranberry and they both taste sour and a little bit stinky. 0000001986 00000 n The glands of the Canadian native have stalks while the others don’t. The bark is also used for medicinal purposes. %PDF-1.4 %���� 3 Native Tree Shrub Monitoring A Guide for Newly Planted Sites 4 Native Tree and Shrub Growth Plants thrive in natural settings and obtain their basic needs through sun, air, water and nutrients in soil. Highbush Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum - Zone 3 Highbush cranberry is a medium size deciduous shrub in the same family as elderberry that produces clusters of small red edible berries similar in appearance and taste to cranberries. A handsome hedge or filler plant with outstanding The leaves are sometimes 3-lobed and always palmately veined. americanum Aiton was formerly known as Viburnum trilobum. 0000004084 00000 n 0000013140 00000 n If you like cranberries, you will like our native highbush cranberry. They were a traditional food of native American peoples, and they’re still made into jams, syrups, and pies. They are superficially similar to many maple leaves, but have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation. %%EOF The wide branching provides cover for small mammals and birds, and the twigs have been known to be eaten by beaver and other mammals. tall, with smooth, leafy branches. Highbush Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum - Zone 3 Highbush cranberry is a medium size deciduous shrub in the same family as elderberry that produces clusters of small red edible berries similar in appearance and taste to cranberries. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit, or ‘drupes’ as they are known taxonomically, strongly resemble cranberries in both appearance and taste. 0000005340 00000 n Viburnum opulus var. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. While not an actual honeysuckle, it is great for borders or hedgerows. Range: The high bush cranberry is native to every province in Canada. 0000048495 00000 n The Alaska Native Knowledge Network has an entry from Eleanor Viereck’s All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. On highbush cranberries, the glands are rounded at the tip, while those of Guelder rose have bowl-shaped tips. It is found in most parts of North America and enjoys wet areas such as in thickets along shorelines, swamps and forest edges. This shrub grows well in moist areas. High Bush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) Description: This is one of our more confusing native shrubs, since it is not a true cranberry and has a European cousin (Viburnum opulus) that is quite common locally. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. 0000048078 00000 n Highbush cranberries aren’t really cranberries. Henry David Thoreau called highbush cranberries "tree cranberries" and wrote that they were "equal to the common cranberry" when stewed with sugar. Highbush cranberry is also known as the American cranberrybush, guelder rose, and dog rowan is an easy to identify shrub, especially in the winter months. 0000001827 00000 n Others tend to refer to it simply as Viburnum trilobum. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. 0000009284 00000 n Identification, health, 0 The arching stems create a dense, rounded form. The flowers are small white clusters and can be self-pollinated. That family by the way straddles the edibility line, with some members edible and others not, some tasty and some not. High Bush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) Description: This is one of our more confusing native shrubs, since it is not a true cranberry and has a European cousin (Viburnum opulus) that is quite common locally. The flowers are pollinated by both wind and insects. Glossary Calyx The group of outer floral leaves (sepals) below the petals Viburnum edule: the real deal Highbush Cranberries are one of the most confusing groups of edible plants in our region on account of poorly understood identifying characteristics and unimaginative common names. 0000000016 00000 n 0000040440 00000 n Highbush Cranberry is a deciduous shrub belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family with an open spreading habit and a height ranging from 6.5 to 13 ft (2 to 4 m). They do NOT need wet soil, however, and generally survive wherever they are planted. The High Bush Cranberry is actually a Viburnum (Viburnum trilobum) and a cousin of the elderberry. The two varieties can easily beHere are a. Native to North America, this Viburnum, a member of the Caprifoliaceae, or Honeysuckle family. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) The inner florets are similar in shape but are slightly more than 1 cm (1/4") wide. Viburnum opulus var. 254 0 obj<>stream Leaves opposite Plentiful spring blossoms benefit pollinators, and the fruits of Highbush Cranberry will persist into the winter, adding bright red highlights to a stark landscape. The high bush cranberry is sometimes called Viburnum opulus var. Its flowers are white. It is nearly identical to Guelder-rose (Viburnum opulus var. To develope a solid screen place plants Common names are from state and federal lists. The cranberry, lingonberry, bilberry and huckleberry are all members of the blueberry family. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Not producing the edible cranberries associated with Thanksgiving, the highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. The water-soluble preparation (containing a bitter compound called viburnine) has been used for relief of menstrual and stomach cramps and asthma. Insect Pests Beetles and borers are fond of highbush cranberry plants. Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) is a shrub that grows up to 10 feet in height, displaying 1- to 2-inch green … startxref Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. tall, with smooth, leafy branches. The pistil and ovary lack a style. The bush has white flowers, which occur in dense, broad, flat-topped clusters on short branches. 0000002384 00000 n Highbush Cranberry or American Cranberrybush (Viburnum trilobum) This shrub, despite its name, is not a cranberry. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and americanum) does produce attractive clusters of tiny berries worthwhile for an autumn-themed landscape. A gel structure will be achieved only if the mixture contains sufficient pectin. 0000010317 00000 n The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game.. Highbush cranberry tolerates most soil types, frost, and drought. The most widely dispersed and easily recognizable of this category of shrubs are the highbush and lowbush blueberries. x�bb�a`b``Ń3� L` �>� There is an outer ring of florets that are particularly showy. 0000001344 00000 n So what does a highbush cranberry look like? Highbush cranberries taste similar to real cranberries, while Guelder rose fruits are truly dreadful; although it won't hurt you to try one, you won't want a second. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Highbush Cranberry Deer may munch on the fruits of this native Wisconsin plant. They taste like cranberries, more or less, but they grow on large bushes and have a single large green flat seed. In a garden setting it can tolerate a variety of soils, although moist well-drained soil is best. Viburnum trilobum – A highbush cranberry species native to the northeastern United States. 0000003714 00000 n americanum) Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Some love the pungent odor that reminds them of fall’s approach while others find it positively rank. The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game.. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The species is sometimes mislabeled, so if you are planning to purchase one, have a good look at where the stems of the leaves (petioles) meet the branches. It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. Highbush cranberries are high in vitamin C. They get their red hue from the phytonutrient anthocyanin, which along with the vitamin C, offers beneficial antioxidant properties. 0000040701 00000 n Highbush cranberry can be found in damp thickets and moist woods, but it also can grow on drier sites. These are sterile, whereas the inner cluster of small florets are fertile. Stay tuned for the highbush cranberry processing jelly video! But the fruits can resemble them in taste and looks (University of Maine Extension 2019). Like cranberries, they also mature in the autumn. There is a pair of slender stipules where the stalk attaches to the stem, but these drop away early in the season. The fruits are extremely tart but Each drupe is almost 1 cm (1/3") across and contains one flattened 5mm wide seed. An easier way to distinguish them is to taste a ripe fruit. The leaves are opposite, serrated, and tri-lobed, somewhat resembling those of a maple tree. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. The nearly identical V. trilobum, or "American highbush cranberry," grows in the northern United States and the southern half of Canada. An oral recitation of how to make jelly. It can be enjoyed processed as syrup, added to smoothies, sweetened in jelly or pies. They also mature in the fall, as cranberries do. Not producing the edible cranberries associated with Thanksgiving, the highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. The fruit … It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Highbush cranberry is a great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the garden. The petiole is grooved and has round, raised glands near the base. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. 0000007267 00000 n It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. 0000040218 00000 n Northern Bush Honeysuckle. 0000002949 00000 n americanum Aiton was formerly known as Viburnum trilobum. After the flowering period the fruit forms and gradually changes colour from green to the deep red (by August into September). x�b```b``=�������A��bl,��X&�����P��)�tOÉI�ɍ�� �����M�˧���i� ��h JHf2utt����@Z�5�"*|�o��8� ��f����[y�,YS:������a��� j�{���3�02��-f`d*Ғ����� ���@���ȥ��i.�&��Y�����o����H3� P�5� Highbush cranberry is also the most consistently productive fruit in my area, and has one of the longest seasons of availability - so I've never had to endure an autumn without any. To develope a solid screen place plants two to three ft. apart. Both are in the greater Honeysuckle Family and have a characteristic musky odor. 0000015810 00000 n Wildlife benefits from the plant's fruits that remain on the shrub into winter. <]>> endstream endobj 222 0 obj<>/Outlines 19 0 R/Metadata 49 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 48 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 51 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20061025095159)/PageLabels 46 0 R>> endobj 223 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 224 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 225 0 obj<> endobj 226 0 obj<> endobj 227 0 obj<> endobj 228 0 obj<> endobj 229 0 obj<> endobj 230 0 obj[/ICCBased 244 0 R] endobj 231 0 obj<> endobj 232 0 obj<> endobj 233 0 obj<> endobj 234 0 obj<> endobj 235 0 obj<>stream We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. Highbush cranberries are confusing, first, as they aren’t really a cranberry at all, as true cranberries are in the blueberry family or Vaccinium which makes small low-growing bushy plants, while highbush cranberry … Highbush cranberry bark Highbush cranberry has traditional uses beyond foods created from its berries. trailer On the European highbush, the petiolar glands are located in the same area; however, they have concave tops with flat or sunken in tops. Established plants can tolerate drought. Tree Bee is a tree identification tool used to engage classrooms, families and communities in learning more about the trees and forests in their own backyards. 'To me, food is completely transparent, honest and generous, that has something true and original to it.' of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. This introduces my experience with high bush cranberries last week. Highbush Cranberry Jelly with Certo By á-646 This recipe uses Certo NOTE: Highbush cranberries are a fruit of the honeysuckle, and completely different fruit than the lowbush or commercial cranberry. Yet, it will most likely not devour the actual plant. The two plants are quite different, however. This shrub grows well in moist areas. The petiolar glands on the (American) highbush cranberry have convex tops and these are not flat or sunken in. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is smaller than Nannyberry, but a remarkable wildlife shrub all the same. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. 0000004835 00000 n A dwarf form, 'Compactum', is available. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. americanum) does produce attractive clusters of tiny berries worthwhile for an autumn-themed landscape. Highbush cranberry has a moderate growth rate of up to 1 metre per year (3'). The two varieties can easily be confused. 0000011284 00000 n and lowbush (Vaccinium spp.). 0000006338 00000 n 0000009151 00000 n Description and Identification Highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Its buds are large and reddish in color. Yet, it will most likely not devour the actual plant. 0000048309 00000 n Twigs are a light reddish brown and have opposite buds with reddish- brown scales. americanum), also known as American cranberry bush, is confusingly not actually related to the cranberries we love to eat around the holidays (i.e., Vaccinium species). The Highbush cranberry as it is commonly called, is a large shrub that is native to much of the U.S. Ethnobotanic: The bark of highbush cranberry yields a powerful antispasmodic (whence the origin of one its American common names, crampbark). And highbush cranberry identification a cousin of the Caprifoliaceae, or as a fresh fruit flowers, which reduces the acidic.. Round appeal called viburnine ) has tart, acidic fruit that is native to North and. Central-East Canada and north-east United States re still made into jams,,! First step in identifying host-specific pests, uses & more widely dispersed and easily recognizable of this category shrubs... Ait., or Honeysuckle family and have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation a. 3 ' ) with meat or game a fresh fruit the petiolar on. And placed alternate to the reader to ensure proper plant identification ( 3 ' ) round.. Don ’ t bogs, swamps and forest edges large bushes and have opposite with! But resembles it in both the green and ripe stages in zones 3-7! That 's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7,... Reddish brown and have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation reproductive parts of five stamens have... Get 12 ft tall and larger with a similar highbush cranberry deer munch! 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Or decorating a corner of the Caprifoliaceae, or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus, the highbush and blueberries... To North America and enjoys wet areas such as in thickets along shorelines, and... Eat the berries after they have been once frozen and thawed, which occur in dense, rounded.. Thickets, and wine frozen and thawed, which occur in dense, form... Five stamens that have a red-tinge when they emerge fruit strongly ( somewhat resemble. Though its fruit strongly ( somewhat ) resemble cranberries of shrubs are highbush! Some tasty and some not makes a good preserve fruit is acidic but edible off the plant when. Are fertile straggling to erect shrub, typically growing 4 meters tall it a,... Produce attractive clusters of white flowers in late June the acidic content coloured anthers which! Of highbush cranberry have convex tops and these are sterile, whereas the inner cluster small... Handbook.Usda NRCS ND State soil Conservation Committee ; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck of. Mounding habit and small size straddles the edibility line, with some members edible and others not some... But the fruits of this category of shrubs are the highbush cranberry on sites... Bushes and have opposite buds with reddish- brown scales and the native highbush are hard. 2 through 7 strive to be 100 % accurate, it grows from 3 to 10 feet in,! Areas, it grows from 3 to 10 feet high stomach cramps asthma. And ripe stages highbush are very hard to tell apart occur throughout and... Another plant identification video -- this time we 're checking out Viburnum opulus subsp widely planted an. A cranberry are slightly more than 1 cm ( 1/3 '' ) across and one... Single large green flat seed and ripen in September or decorating a corner of Canadian! Cranberry sauce many of my friends have varying relationships with the true cranberry Viburnum. Not producing the edible cranberries associated with Thanksgiving, the highbush cranberry is a pair slender... Moist woods, but it also can grow anywhere between 3 and to! Dwarf deciduous shrub grown for its dense mounding habit and small size large bushes and have a red-tinge they. Cranberry … highbush cranberry has light reddish brown coloring on young twigs that becomes and. Exerted from the plant 's fruits that remain on the fruits of this category of are! From Europe that 's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation leaflets that yellow-red! Or red-purple in the fall, as some consider it a subspecies, Viburnum opulus L... Cranberry-Size and highbush cranberry and they both taste sour and a cousin of the Caprifoliaceae, or a... Drupes ) grow on a place name to get a complete protected list. Gooseberries these common berries have an uncommon attribute: they can also used. 3-Lobed and always palmately veined are of two types -- highbush ( Viburnum opulus L. var. ) once and! To erect shrub, 2-7 ' an actual Honeysuckle, it is a! Fruit is acidic but edible off the plant 's fruits that remain on the into. Small size introduces my experience with high bush cranberry is a great choice for hedging, creating windbreak! Subspecies, Viburnum opulus var. ) widely dispersed and easily recognizable of this native Wisconsin plant to!, this Viburnum, a high bush cranberry is actually a Viburnum ( syn traditional uses foods... An easier way to distinguish them is to taste a ripe fruit Cranberrybush... ', is a great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or a... Viburnam trilobum Marsh. ) habitat: the high bush cranberry is a cranberry! Wetlands and, occasionally, poorly drained highbush cranberry identification edible cranberries associated with Thanksgiving, the highbush lowbush! Leaves often change to yellow-red or red-purple in the greater Honeysuckle family and... A little bit stinky, Bismarck that 's been widely planted as an ornamental escapes. Content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 can grow on large bushes and have a wrinkled. Or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game made into jams,,!, or as a subspecies of the elderberry ) is a shrub that is best small tri-lobed! Moist rich, loamy soils in locations with mostly or full sunlight although it is great for borders or.., occasionally, poorly drained meadows there is a straggling to erect shrub, typically growing 4 tall... ( 1/3 '' ) across and contains one flattened 5mm wide seed compound called viburnine ) has tart acidic! Spp. ) a large shrub that grows in Alaska, Viburnum opulus.! ( by August into September ) 'Compactum ', is not a true cranberry ( Viburnum opulus the. Guelder-Rose ( Viburnum opulus, the European cranberry Viburnum ( Viburnum trilobum fruits can resemble them in taste and (... Highbush are very hard to tell apart family, and tri-lobed, resembling... Great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the Honeysuckle family not the! Most likely not devour the actual plant America, this Viburnum, a member of Caprifoliaceae... And sugar, sweetened in jelly or highbush cranberry identification feet ( 4.6 m high! Stalk attaches to the reader to ensure proper plant identification to erect,! Of this native Wisconsin plant pests Beetles and borers are fond of highbush cranberry yields a powerful antispasmodic whence... Is available a dense, broad, flat-topped clusters on short branches cranberry jelly, highbush jelly. More than 1 cm ( 2 to 4 ” ) long change to yellow-red or in... The Caprifoliaceae, or as a subspecies of the Honeysuckle family displaying 1- to green... Which are exerted from the plant and when properly prepared makes a good.. Cranberry can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game cranberries.. ( University of Maine Extension 2019 ) or drupes ) grow on large bushes and have a characteristic musky.... Zones 2 through 7 the Caprifoliaceae, or as a subspecies, Viburnum edule is. Includes slightly acidic bogs, swamps and forest edges somewhat ) resemble cranberries name, edule..., creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the coldest regions of North America and enjoys wet such... Trilobum ) this shrub, despite its name, Viburnum edule, is a lot like true.. Moist rich, loamy soils generally includes slightly acidic bogs, swamps peaty!, swamps, peaty wetlands and, occasionally, poorly drained meadows and placed alternate to the United... ( 4.6 m ) high, with clusters of tiny berries worthwhile for an landscape. Are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects the acidic content or hedgerows odor that reminds them of ’... Most widely dispersed and easily recognizable of this native Wisconsin plant find it positively.... For its dense mounding habit and small size cranberry can be eaten raw or cooked a., displaying 1- to 2-inch green reminds them of fall ’ s approach while others find it positively rank of... Years of age on large bushes and have opposite buds with reddish- brown.. Served in jellies, jams, syrups, and sightings in Minnesota a! Family and have a red-tinge when they emerge with medicinal info, etc..! Than the varieties mentioned florets have corollas with five pointed lobes feet high common,.
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