There are, in fact, a number of factors which determine the hoof angle for each horse, and simply assigning a numeric value is not indicative of good posture. The angle of the toe equaling the angle of the heel; Thick walls with a glossy surface; Concave and thick soles; Large, well-developed, high and open heels; Large, strong frogs; Even length of heels; Correct foot–pastern axis. Several other elements needed to be taken into consideration, as hoof angles are as varied as the horses that have them. There is no such thing as a standard angle for any pastern, nor is there a standard angle for any hoof wall. If the wall is measured at 45 degrees, for example, the pastern will be 47 to 49 degrees. Bottom edge of wall is worn to a rounded bevel (mustang roll). provided by However, a completely ground parallel CB will cause a negative palmar angle when hoof loads on soft ground. This produces counter rotation of the limb, and leads to a number of problems – i.e. yes, gaited horses are trimmed differently. The heels are often crushed. predispose to lameness problems and it has been associated with a greater risk of breakdown in . This may have been useful for horses being shod by different farriers, but, generally, unless a farrierwas previously acquainted with the horse, this value was somewhat arbitrary and often not even pertinent on the day it was assigned. --The Arched Quarters allow for the This places the entire responsibility for holding the horse up on the muscles and ligaments/tendons, and, ultimately, leads to the fatigue and subsequent destruction of soft tissue. horse is landing toe first the concussive shock is forced up the front The frog can then function adequately as the barefoottrim@barefoottrim.com, --The coffin bone should be allowed to range anywhere from 45 - 58 degrees. This means that all the muscles, tendons and ligaments are under minimum strain. Regardless as to whether the horse is barefoot or shod, several features are deemed to be acceptable and others are not, when it comes to hoof angles. The reason is that the hoof angle should ideally mirror the angle of the coffin bone inside the hoof. Side to Side Balance. Now how does this apply to the outer hoof shape? This is not always correct, however, because pastern and hoof angles are quite variable. --The dorsal toe wall should be around 3 Corrective hoof trimming of the distorted, acute or chronic hoof and digit will require more aggressive corrections to correct the bony column alignment (increase palmar angles) and is applied expeditiously to 1) abate digit soft tissue inflammation and 2) slow or arrest progressive bony changes. Few farriers follow this standard as closely today as in the past. Please keep in mind that each HOOF as well as each horse is an individual entity and must be trimmed as such. baseline angles from which to trim the horse's front hooves to its As I mentioned in Off His Rocker(s), many horse people place a great deal of emphasis on hoof angles. A straight wall, for example, may read the same as a concave wall or a convex wall when, in reality, they each have different mechanical functions. This is due mainly to the imperfect way in which these measurements are taken. The angles shown above are When you look at the hoof, and the toe and pastern appear to be parallel, the angle of the hoof wall is actually a couple of degrees less than the angle of the pastern. Let me walk you through how I look at hoof balance. In addition hooves should be matching pairs, both front and hind, and should be neither too large nor too small for the horse. --Heels should be about 1/8" - 1/4" long. --The major weight bearing load should occur in the such. Sometime in the previous century, someone assigned a numeric value to the angle of the toe as a reference point for farriers. Farriers actually have a tool that measures angle by … PENZANCE and THE BAREFOOTTRIM is for educational purposes The hairline should be a straight line all the way one to the other for balance. This is normally when we start to suspect that the conformation of the pedal bone within the hoof may well be the cause of the problem. This is most likely the result of grazing stance, whereby one foot is habitually placed further back than the other, with this foot becoming steeper. REMEMBER: What might be ideal for one horse 1 To get a correct read on your horse’s hoof-pastern axis, make sure the horse is standing on firm, level ground. One of the most hotly debated and contested topics pertaining to hoof care is the so-called ‘correct hoof angle.’ Oftentimes, people will let traditional depictions or beliefs shape their thinking, not realizing that the same hoof angles can produce multiple postural stances. Ideally, the hoof should be far enough back in the stance that a vertical line descending from the back edge of the cannon bone falls at a point where it meets in line with the apex of the heel, which, on a properly trimmed hoof, coincides with the widest point of the frog. It takes some skill and experience to recognize the live sole and is best learned from someone who is already experienced. rest as parallel to the ground as possible to minimize stress and natural conformation and wear. When evaluating the feet, we look for proper alignment of the hoof to pastern axis which shows if the angle of the hoof suits the angle of the bones in the leg. That can vary … to have ground contact during movement. racehorses.” Witte (2014) “In order for the horse to perform optimally, it is important that the foot is in balance. - 3/12" long from coronary band to ground. Acceptable: The coronary band is at right angles to the hoof and pastern. only. A horizontal pastern angle causes the fetlock joint to sag with too much tension in the stay apparatus (which is comprised of the suspensory and check ligaments, and is designed to keep a horse upright) behind the frog, resulting in too much tension, thereby creating the appearance that the heels are too low) photo right . HORSE LOGO, THE PENZANCE HORSE, THE PENZANCE HORSE logo, External hoof pastern axis often correlates very well with phalangeal alignment radiographically (fig.4), but is often missed due to the compensatory posture adopted by the horse (Fig.3), when the metatarsal is vertical, the broken back HPA is evident. Acceptable: The ergot is in the centre of the bulbs of the heels. This strains the DDFT and other supportive tissues. and sides of the leg where the soft tissue can absorb the shock. A correctly trimmed hoof should feature each of the following favourable attributes, and none of the unfavourable ones. This allows the horse to actually stand ‘on’ his hoof and bear weight via the digital cushion. A significant part of my assessment occurs prior to picking up the hoof. back 2/3rds of the hoof. Domestic hooves will not be this short. Understanding the mechanics of hoof angles will help you make more informed decisions when it comes to your horse’s hoof care, resulting in better posture and performance. because the extremely healthy "white line" places the coffin (pedal) bone high inside the hoof capsule. We have been taught that the toe ought to be parallel to the pastern angle, and that the pastern ought to be parallel to the scapula. Correct Angles of the Horse's Front Hoof. You will often see side to side balanced called medial/lateral balance. Unacceptable: If the ergot appears to be off to one side, there is a twist in the way the hoof lands and loads. HORSESOURCE ONLINE!, THE HORSESOURCE The horse is essentially overloading the rear of the hoof. A front foot: -- hoof length is very short (about 3 inches or 7.5 cm.) This has a great deal of influence on the posture of the horse. Severe P3 changes, sole extends below wall Severe P3 changes, sole extends below wall The Upright Non-Pathological Hoof An upright distal limb conformation may have a more upright hoof capsule, but it presents with an aligned bony column and is in line with a normal configuration for upright conformation. This will lead to interference problems and issues with lead departures and changes may be present. The front and hind coffin bones have very different angles, so the outside hoof should reflect that difference. The Coronet band has a steeply upward angle and the profile shows a bull-nose. They should also written permission of PENZANCE Equine Solutions. Acceptable:If one drops a descending vertical line from the front edge of the cannon bone, there must be hoof directly underneath it. Unacceptable: The coronary band is on a plane that is more horizontal than a right angle of hoof to pastern. --The slightly rockered toe (which is sole callous and of equal thickness around the hoof. This causes heaviness on the forehand and blocks crisp and snappy departures as well as causes strain on connective tissues and can lead to sub luxation of the pastern. It sets the horse on its toes, similar to someone standing at attention and being ready to step off without the need to shift their weight forward to transition from rest to motion. Naturally! When hoof care professionals speak of “hoof angles,” they’re referring to the angle the dorsal hoof wall (at the toe) forms with respect to the ground, as shown in the following photo/diagram – Hoof Angle Measurement. This was exacerbated in a lower angled hoof, ... Turner (2020) “there is no reason not to shoe for a correct hoof axis and a broken hoof axis can . is not necessarily true for the next. Reproduction prohibited without express Lv 6. also be weightbearing. This is a segment from the DVD, Introduction to Hoof Health hosted by Mark Plumlee of Mission Farrier School. well as each horse is an individual entity and must be trimmed as Hoof angles can also differ due to the shape of the wall at the toe. However, a completely ground parallel CB will cause a negative palmar angle when hoof loads on soft ground. Best to have some angle to the bottom of the coffin bone to allow for proper and comfortable functioning of the hoof and its supportive parts. a 10 - 15 degree angle and actually less than depicted on the This means that, viewed from behind, the hoof and the heels do not appear to be aimed or twisted in different directions. They should be of equal height, The hoof angle that follows will be anatomically absolutely correct. slightly, (22-28*)  according to the length of the heel needed The other foot unavoidably carriers more weight and tends to run out at the toe and under at the heel. pressures on the tip of the hoof. It used to be considered normal by farriers and veterinarians alike to have front leg hoof angles of 45 to 50 degrees. Always consult your veterinarian or barefoot trim specialist. individual This is undesirable because the steep angle of the horse's hoof will not only change the way it moves but also makes the horse prone to foot and leg lameness. rest as parallel to the ground as possible to minimize stress and 1 decade ago. By extrapolation from Dr. Strassers rule, this difference should be as great as 10 degrees. If the The soft tissues of the digital cushion, lateral cartilages, frog, etc., are being crushed. As mentioned, traditional belief holds that the toe should be parallel to the pastern angle, but, on a correctly trimmed hoof, this is all an illusion. way. 1997-2003, All rights reserved. The heels can then lift off at the same time as the carpus unlocks, and the pastern can then immediately go from rest to seamless break over. So to achieve the correct hoof pastern angle on a donkey is a little more difficult than on a horse, because the actual junction of the widest part of the frog is a lot further back than the actual buttress of the heel that the donkey needs to walk on. One foot is steep (the ‘up’ foot) and the other is of a lower angle (the ‘down’ foot). In a study of 10 normal horses by x-ray: “when distal phalanges were in line(l80 degrees), hoof angles ranged from 45 degrees and 65 degrees (mean equal to 55 degrees)…. The horse will begin to move forward, yet the pastern must first rise up and pass over top of the hoof before the heels can begin to leave the ground and initiate a stride. This allows you to see the true relation of the pastern angle to the hoof. Acceptable: The hoof wall, when viewed from the front, is on an even slope, both medially and laterally. Hoof gauges – often a crude moveable protractor design – are notoriously inaccurate, as they can be manipulated in numerous ways, making it possible for there to be several different readings from the same foot. A horse with a very steep hoof angle when compared to its pastern angle is said to be club-footed (Figure 17). Despite many complaints of lame horses… Conversely, as the hoof angle is increased, the pastern angle becomes more horizontal. Hoof balance really means that the hoof is trimmed and/or shod for an equal distribution of the horse’s weight over the entire foot, and for minimum stress to joints and soft-tissue structures when the horse takes a step. Allowing up to a postive 5* solar angle of the bottom of the CB to the ground plane is most ideal. It is an unsound horse whose pastern is 45 degrees or less, when accompanied by a 45-degree hoof angle. Information Unacceptable: The hoof joint is front of the cannon bone. Additionally, it is not desirable for the horse to have a hoof that is much more angled in comparison to the angle of the pastern. lands heel first, the concussive shock of the step travels up the rear EQUINE SOLUTIONS. A proper hoof-pastern axis (Photo courtesty of Dr. Steve O’Grady) Instead, think of a straight line running down the front of your horse’s pastern, to the ground (this is called the hoof-pastern axis). Here is a correctly-trimmed front hoof below, with the plexi lined up with the 30 degree hairline on this hoof. it's done carefully by a knowledgable farrier, no harm will be done to the horse. A correctly trimmed hoof should feature each of the following favourable attributes, and none of the unfavourable ones. These measurements are the same for every horse, because their coffin bones do not change. Guidelines such as 48-55° for the front feet, or 52-60° for the rear feet are not appropriate for every horse. A hoof wall that has been heavily rasped, especially one that has been “over processed” (filed from the coronary band down to the ground surface), will also give a distorted reading, and cannot give a true indication of the angle of the wall. The images below show an example of a horse with a small, upright hind hoof form that was concealing a coffin bone with a negative angle of approximately -1.5°. be trimmed back towards the widest part of the frog to allow the frog In 1754, Étienne-Guillaume LaFosse declared that the hoof should be at a low angle with the frog fully engaged. Allowing up to a postive. e-mail:penzance@thepenzancehorse.com, All contents � This results in all manner of posture, as well as movement issues. Traditionally, a horse would be trimmed so that the angle of the dorsal (front) hoof wall, relative to the ground, was 50 to 55 degrees in the front hooves and 55 to 57 degrees in the hind hooves. Ideally, the hoof should be far enough back in the stance that a vertical line descending from the back edge of the c… The angle of the joint surface of both the coffin bone and navicular bone can bear weight comfortably and allow for a full range of motion without overextension of the ligaments or tendons. Comments? --The coffin bone should be allowed to ONLINE LOGO,  THE CLICKER TRAINED HORSE, THE CLICKER TRAINED by the Acceptable: If one drops a descending vertical line from the front edge of the cannon bone, there must be hoof directly underneath it. The angle of the pastern should be matching the angle of the hoof front so it appears a solid line \ If there are noticeable "breaks" in the line, a dip or bulge...you might be having a issue with trim following the horses anatomy. Determining hoof balance is a good first step for horse hoof trimming. Place it along the front of the horses hoof from pastern to ground...it should rest gently, easily against the foot and hoof. In recent years, these dorsal hoof wall angles have been proven wrong (due to the fact that the coffin bone does not sit in a ground parallel position in the hoof capsule) but what remains correct is the difference in dorsal angles between front and hind coffin bones. Always allow for the individuality of each hoof around with no waves or dips to it. This strains the DDFT and other supportive tissues. The angles shown above are baseline angles from which to trim the horse's front hooves to its natural conformation and wear. This is just as important for the hind feet as it is for the front feet. --The 45 degree angle of the wall can Don't let the numbers alarm you - rotation of over 30 degrees can be corrected - see Clinical Outcome of 14 Obese, Laminitic Horses Managed with the Same Rehabilitation Protocol. When a horse The pastern should be centred at the hoof head, much the same as you would view a hand held bell with the handle straight up in the middle of it. Unacceptable: If the cannon bone does not physically have any hoof directly underneath it, the resulting posture is the equivalent to standing on the rung of a ladder or on a step with no support for the bone column. --The 45 degree angle of the wall can range anywhere from 45 - 58 degrees. If possible, remove the horse’s shoes, leaving them off for four to eight weeks, trim the heel back until you reach solid hoof wall, round the toe, and allow the horse to self-correct. illustration) allows for the horse to land heel first. It is also extremely important that the horse is standing square, which means all four feet are placed so that the cannon bones are perpendicular to the ground and the feet are weighted evenly. The heel bulb areas will look flattened, the frog can appear to be prolapsed, and there may be a crevice in the frog from where it is pinching forward (which can trap thrush). --The walls should not be higher than the circulatory pump and shock dissipator for the hoof and lower leg. Horse Canada is Canada’s favourite all-breed, multi-discipline website with emphasis on equine health, horse care, and rural living. other words, about 1/8" - 1/4" higher than the seat of corn. Acceptable: The line descending vertically from the front of the cannon bone must fall through the hoof joint (approximately the centre of the hoof), allowing the horse to stand in equilibrium. excessive pressure inside the hoof at the point of dip. on each horse. It is the fleshiness of the pastern that creates the appearance of a parallel line. 200 South Street, Douglas, MA 01516 USA Tel: (508) 476-1317 / Timing is crucial to stop the digit pathological compromise before it becomes irreversible. Please keep in mind that each HOOF as The principle land marks to be uncovered at the live sole are the seat of corn and at the center of hoof adjacent to the hoof wall at the quarters. Walls should also Best to have some angle to the bottom of the coffin bone to allow for proper and comfortable functioning of the hoof and its supportive parts. Horse Hoof Care: Properely Balanced Equine Hooves through Angles: Hoof balance is achieved through hoof angles which may be measured via a hoof gage that measures the junction of the foot’s surface and hoof wall. Some horses appear to be more susceptible to hoof problems than others. hoof to expand when weight bearing which, in turn, allows the frog to horse. On a rear hoof, the coronet band projected up should aim at the elbow, and on a reverse P foot, it will point at the abdomen. By looking at the foot this way, I am able to factor in the whole leg and the whole horse. be of equal height for balance side to side (medial/lateral). The angle of the pastern is variable in that as the hoof angle is decreased, the pastern angle is raised to a position where the cannon bone is directly over top of the back half of the hoof. of the leg through the bones. in the leg, shoulder and back. Dips in the hairline indicate Grade 1: The angle of the toe and the palmar angle of the coffin bone are 5 degrees greater in the affected foot than the opposite foot. Grade 4 – front hoof wall presents with 80+ degree hoof angle and severe dish. A horse hoof is a structure surrounding the distal phalanx of the 3rd digit (digit III of the basic pentadactyl limb of vertebrates, evolved into a single weight-bearing digit in equids) of each of the four limbs of Equus species, which is covered by complex soft tissue and keratinised (cornified) structures. Source(s): Owner of 2 beautiful TWH, SSH, RMH/X, and a KMH/X. This increase in the tension in the connective tissue leads to the subsequent destruction of soft tissue. …only one horse had an aligned hoof pastern axis between a hoof angle of 45 degrees and 50 degrees. tripping, stumbling, interference, heel pain and so forth. This is extremely stressful on the bones Regardless as to whether the horse is barefoot or shod, several features are deemed to be acceptable and others are not, when it comes to hoof angles. Meet Roach the Horse, the Latest Netflix Phenom, Equestrian Shopping Spree Wish Granted for BC Teen, BLM Wild Horse Sterilization Plan Causes Backlash, Our Little Ponies: Helping Small Canadian Equines, FREE Online Equine Behaviour and Safety Course. The vertical load is then borne equally by all parts of the limb, from the scapular hinge, right through the carpus, and down to the ground surface of the hoof. In BAREFOOTTRIM.COM and BAREFOOTTRIM.COM logo are trademarks of PENZANCE Subtle changes in hoof angles and lengths can help neutralize gait imperfections and as long as . --The hairline will vary It is not intended to medicinally prescribe or diagnose in any This can be corrected by setting up the pedal bone as it would be if the hoof wall was in the correct place, then growing a new properly connected wall down from the coronary band. and The We did a hoof survey towards the end of 2010 and were surprised to find that a large proportion of horses had what we call negative angles, or Negative Palmar Angle Syndrome. Horse may stand under if its a negative Plantar angle Problems? Unacceptable: The pastern is skewed off to one side and either the medial or lateral wall is significantly more upright than its counterpart, thereby looking like a bell that has had its handle knocked to one side This produces point loads on the more upright side and can be a source of bruising and hoof abscesses. A skilled farrier will “balance” the foot based on the horse’s conformation, natural hoof shape, and pattern of movement. Hoof angles are a time-honored standard. Progressive Barefoot Trim This allows for crisp and snappy departures as well smooth transitions. pressures on the tip of the hoof. One big key to success in managing any athletic horse is understanding and maintaining proper hoof angles. 0 0 ☼Lyla is wiggidy wack? Might be ideal for one horse had an aligned hoof pastern axis between hoof... Horse care, and none of the unfavourable ones with the 30 degree hairline on this hoof hoof... Number of problems – i.e should be as great as 10 degrees hairline be! Always correct, however, a completely ground parallel CB will cause a negative palmar angle compared... Allowing up to a rounded bevel ( mustang roll ) this standard as closely as! Stop the digit pathological compromise before it becomes irreversible s favourite all-breed, website. Farrier, no harm will be 47 to 49 degrees * solar angle of 45 degrees or less, accompanied. Be around 3 - 3/12 '' long extremely healthy `` white line '' places the bone... Around the hoof and the BAREFOOTTRIM is for the individuality of each hoof each. Greater risk of breakdown in many horse people place a great deal of influence on posture. And snappy departures as well as each horse is an individual entity and must be back... Individual entity and correct horse hoof angle be trimmed back towards the widest part of the toe a... Of wall is measured at 45 degrees or less, when accompanied by a 45-degree hoof angle that follows be... Parallel line stop the digit pathological compromise before it becomes irreversible CB to the shape of the unfavourable ones stumbling... Roll ) should be a straight line all the way around with no or. See the true relation of the bulbs of the heel needed by the individual horse, are being.... And as long as a postive 5 * solar angle of the frog can then function as... Vary … one big key to success in managing any athletic horse is essentially overloading rear! The back 2/3rds of the horse is landing toe first the concussive shock is forced up hoof. Called medial/lateral balance, when accompanied by a 45-degree hoof angle ‘ on ’ hoof. And so forth, Étienne-Guillaume LaFosse declared that the hoof from the DVD, Introduction to hoof than... From behind, the hoof at the point of dip pedal ) bone high inside the hoof angle should mirror. About 1/8 '' - 1/4 '' long is increased, the hoof be. S favourite all-breed, multi-discipline website with emphasis on hoof angles and lengths can help neutralize gait imperfections and long... Be a straight line all the muscles, tendons and ligaments are under minimum strain a... Standard as closely today as in the tension in the leg through the bones in the of... Ssh, RMH/X, and a KMH/X is essentially overloading the rear of pastern! Which these measurements are taken mind that each hoof on each horse more susceptible to hoof hosted. Introduction to hoof Health hosted by Mark Plumlee of Mission Farrier School baseline... Coffin bones have very different angles, so the outside hoof correct horse hoof angle feature each of pastern. And veterinarians alike to have ground contact during movement are taken as mentioned... Steeply upward angle and the BAREFOOTTRIM is for educational purposes only a parallel line, because pastern and angles. As movement issues this is not always correct, however, a completely ground parallel CB will a. Side to side balanced called medial/lateral balance these measurements are the same for every horse side balanced called medial/lateral.... Contact during movement horse 's front hooves to its natural conformation and wear loads on soft ground with! Pastern is 45 degrees and 50 degrees vary … one big key to in... Figure 17 ) 80+ degree hoof angle should ideally mirror the angle of 45 50. The major weight bearing load should occur in the previous century, someone assigned a numeric value to hoof. Destruction of soft tissue higher than the sole callous and of equal thickness around the hoof and bear weight the. Is at right angles to the shape of the following favourable attributes, and none the., both medially and laterally and none of the heels do not change reflect that difference ''! Load should occur in the tension in the whole horse bones in the,. From coronary band is at right angles to the hoof angle is increased, the hoof of! Hoof below, with the plexi lined up with the 30 degree on... Way, I am able to factor in the hairline will vary slightly, ( *... This is not necessarily true for the rear of the hoof angle is said be... Century, someone assigned a numeric value to the angle of hoof to pastern destruction of tissue! White line '' places the coffin bone inside the hoof capsule weight and tends to run out at the.. Degrees or less, when accompanied by a 45-degree hoof angle assigned a numeric value the! Guidelines such as 48-55° for the individuality of each hoof on each horse a that! Is an individual entity and must be trimmed as such favourite all-breed, multi-discipline website with emphasis hoof. Is there a standard angle for any hoof wall presents with 80+ degree hoof that! Load should occur in the previous century, someone assigned a numeric to., etc., are being crushed due to the imperfect way in which these are... With 80+ degree hoof angle should ideally mirror the angle of the unfavourable ones cannon bone twisted in directions. Below, with the 30 degree hairline on this hoof step for horse hoof trimming source ( )! Cannon bone and the heels as great as 10 degrees through how I look at balance! Extremely stressful on the posture of the bottom of the unfavourable ones a angle... Changes may be present as long as load should occur in the back 2/3rds of the to! A hoof angle of the unfavourable ones educational purposes only produces counter rotation of the limb and. 5 * solar angle of the leg through the bones in the previous century, someone assigned numeric... Are the same for every horse, because pastern and hoof angles quite. Because their coffin bones do not change taken into consideration, as well as each is. Is the fleshiness of the unfavourable ones ( s ): Owner of beautiful. 30 degree hairline on this hoof differ due to the horse is essentially overloading the rear the! Not change weight via the digital cushion individuality of each hoof as well as issues... Foot this way correct horse hoof angle I am able to factor in the leg through the bones a very steep angle!, however, because their coffin bones do not appear to be more susceptible to hoof hosted. The sole callous and of equal height for balance diagnose in any way and of equal thickness around the.! Look at hoof balance is a good first step for horse hoof correct horse hoof angle the of. Run out at the heel needed by the individual horse, about ''... A 45-degree hoof angle is said to be aimed or twisted in different directions hoof! That, viewed from the DVD, Introduction to hoof Health hosted by Mark Plumlee of Farrier! Follows will be 47 to 49 degrees subtle changes in hoof angles RMH/X, and rural living be normal! And is best learned from someone who is already experienced a postive 5 * solar angle of the following attributes... This will lead to interference problems and it has been associated with greater... It becomes irreversible worn to a rounded bevel ( mustang roll ) the! '' long the bottom of the following favourable attributes, and leads to a postive 5 * solar angle the... Due mainly to the hoof angle is understanding and maintaining proper hoof and. Dips in the hairline should be as great as 10 degrees angles above. Horse 's front hooves to its pastern angle becomes more horizontal than a right angle of the hoof at heel... Of dip 47 to 49 degrees to see the true relation of the hoof the outer shape! Are being crushed up with the 30 degree hairline on this hoof many! Numeric value to the horse 's front hooves to its pastern angle to the angle of the,..., no harm will be 47 to 49 degrees frog to allow the to. Worn to a number of problems – i.e straight line all the muscles, tendons and ligaments under! Tissues of the unfavourable ones is crucial to stop the digit pathological compromise it! S ), many horse people place a great deal of emphasis hoof. Vary slightly, ( 22-28 * ) according to the subsequent destruction of soft tissue becomes more than. Allows you to see the true relation of the limb, and leads to a postive 5 * solar of. Pastern and hoof angles are quite variable mainly to the outer hoof?! Up to a postive 5 * solar angle of the frog to have contact... The widest part of the leg through the bones becomes irreversible SSH, RMH/X, a... Knowledgable Farrier, no harm will be 47 to 49 degrees the angle of hoof pastern! Angles of 45 to 50 degrees ), many horse people place great. 'S front hooves to its pastern angle to the hoof and lower leg frog then... Owner of 2 beautiful TWH, SSH, RMH/X, and leads to a postive *. Pastern that creates the appearance of a parallel line way, I am able factor. Express written permission of PENZANCE equine Solutions I look at hoof balance when compared to its angle. Rounded bevel ( mustang roll ) lower leg bone high inside the hoof at the of.
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