Let’s talk about how to grow and use Valerian… Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a powerful and very amazing herb.It has very potent medicinal qualities, makes your cats go crazy, and you can even grow it at home.. With pretty pale-pink or white flowers, and long green leaves, it isn’t a bad plant to have in a landscape or garden. Spring and fall are also the best times to harvest valerian's roots and thin plants as needed. The leaves, which have a mild lemon aroma, are used to make medicine. We encourage our customers to add some unusual herb plants to their garden - herb gardening should be interesting as well as rewarding. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This plant was in the Valerianaceae family but is now in … They grow to about 18” tall. Edible Valerian has broad leaves. Flowers bloom in June and July. The root is poisonous if eaten raw, but if properly cooked it is safe and tasty. Flowers are borne on a rather tall, vertical panicle with widely spaced branches along its length. I was thrilled! The flower shows in pink clusters. Edible leaves of plants add flavors from spicy to bitter, plus they are rich in vitamins and minerals. The root is poisonous if eaten raw, but if properly cooked it is safe and tasty. ciliata appears to favor a moist, sunny, calcareous habitat, including calcareous fens, wet meadows, and moist prairies. Although Lewis collected more than fifty plant specimens along the Lolo Trail, he apparently did not pay particular attention to any species of the ubiquitous, mostly inconspicuous—but seasonally obnoxious—Valeriana. For spring and summer color and ease of care, add red valerian plants (also known as Jupiters beard) to the full sun herb garden or flower bed. An oil obtained from the leaves and root is used as a flavoring in … The root has been used for curing insomnia, coughs, menstrual cramps, and muscular pain, and the leaves are used for making a poultice for bruises. They arrived all healthy in great packaging. An essential oil from the leaves and root is used as a flavouring in ice cream, baked goods, condiments etc [183]. Edible Uses The root of edible valerian is edible cooked. So they are best placed in the middle section of a border. The fewer, smaller, opposite stem leaves are pinnately divided into three, five or seven narrow, one-veined segments. It has a very strong and peculiar taste that is offensive to some people but agreeable to others. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Individual flowers are creamy white with 5 fused petals, the lobes lance oval, spreading at first then curling back tightly. The botanical Latin name–a form of the word valere, "to be healthy"–refers to its once widely recognized medicinal qualities. Valerian is a tough perennial that attracts a lot of butterflies. Valeriana officinalis, commonly called garden heliotrope, common valerian or all-heal, is a clumping perennial with scented leaves, stems, flowers and roots. Roots have a interesting odor. the radicles [secondary roots, rootlets] larger than in most fusiform roots. Valerian, sometimes known as garden heliotrope, is native to Europe and western Asia and naturalized in much of north­eastern North America, especially in wet areas. tobacco root. Early European accounts remind me of a discussion on lutefisk - there appears to be little middle ground. Join Us -Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! They regrew this year sending up new leaves and tall flower spikes with beautifully scented flowers. Red Valerian aka Centranthus ruber.I was excited to read recently that this plant is edible - some say gorgeous flavour, others that the taste is bitter. Fruit is oblong-elliptic, 1/8 inch or more long, flattened on two sides, the umbrella-like sepals arrayed at the top. The basal leaves are numerous, firm, linear to obovate in shape and 7-40 cm long and 7-55 mm wide. That first year the Valerian plants grew about 2.5 feet in height and then died down for the winter. It is native to Europe and western Asia, but has escaped gardens and locally naturalized in the northern U. S. and Canada. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, http://www.forestryimages.org. Summary of red valerian facts. Leaves are mostly basal, occasionally a few are 3-lobed but most are narrowly spatula shaped, 3 to 12 inches long and less than an inch wide with nearly parallel veins, and on a short, winged stalk. It's about 1/4 mile SE of Rose Creek on south side of the trail...have seen it in other areas of the trail on different years...blooming later than normal I think. Upper stem leaves are few, opposite, shorter than the basal leaves, with 3 to 9 irregular, finger-like pinnate lobes. The sepals are inconspicuous at flowering, curled up tightly and barely developed behind the fused petal tube. This species is “polygamo-dioecious” meaning it has flowers with both female and male parts (perfect flowers), or just male (staminate flowers) or just female (pistallate flowers) - all on the same plant. In September the roots emit a strong odor which some say resembles the stench of unwashed feet, almost sickeningly so, but no one will deny it seizes one's attention. It’s said that you can increase the medicinal strength of the valerian root by removing the flower stalks but I left them on for the bees. ... edible valerian. And a visit by the local Agriculture Dept's horticulturalist, I am convinced that the roseates of basal leaves which are VERY abundant, are of the edible valerian. Valerian. No further details are given but the seeds of other members of this genus are parched and then eaten. About a dozen of the world's 200 species of the genus Valeriana are found in the Northern Rockies. After pollination when the flower drops away and the seed matures, the sepals expand and unfurl with 9 to 12 feathery plumes that carry the seed on the winds. the rind was white and thin. Red valerian, also called Devil’s beard, is a herbaceous perennial that blooms abundantly during the summer. Here and there are accounts of it being somewhat agreeable to some and others fleeing its presence - just like lutefisk! Author, Researcher, Clinician. Regarding its edibility as the common name implies, it was the large carrot-like taproot that was consumed. Beyond moist prairie sites it also requires a fairly high soil pH (calcareous) which limits its remaining habitat options further. During midsummer the Valerian plant starts to bloom.The flowers of this medicinal herb are white to pink with a very unique but aromatic smell. Valeriana Edulis, Edible Valerian. Valeriana edulis does have a carrot-shaped root. Roots are the primary part of the herb used for medicine. Edible valerian occurs in alkaline fens in southern Lower Michigan. Valeriana edulis does have a carrot-shaped root. Valeriana edulis var. Valerian is a flowering European perennial that grows up to 2 feet tall and puts out an umbrella of fragrant tiny pink, lavender or white flowers in summer 2. The blades taper gradually to the petiole or base, and the margins are entire. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, sun; calcareous fens, wet meadows, moist prairie. In addition to being medicinal this is also edible. Ask A Pro. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. It grows to around 2 feet in height and its straight stems have umbrella-shaped heads and dark leaves. and a visit by the local Agriculture Dept's horticulturalist, I am convinced that the roseates of basal leaves which are VERY abundant, are of the edible valerian. Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation, Idaho Governor's Lewis and Clark Trail Committee. The feckin rabbits ate them. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Dakota and Olmsted counties. This extract is available in several forms including capsules, tablets, and tea. The root can be cooked and then dried and ground into a powder. ... leaves are good to add to a compost pile; root smell like dirty socks; Seeds of Centranthus Jupiters beard plante… Herbalist Nicolas Culpeper recommended it as a preventive for the plague in the 17th century. Edges are smooth except for a band of dense, short, white hairs, giving them a silvery edge. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Your Name: the body or consistence of the root was white mealy and easily reduced by pounding to a substance resembleing flour which thickens with boiling water something like flour and is agreeably flavored. It requires a long steaming. The leaves can also be used as a condiment [61]. Perfect and staminate flowers are up to 1/8 inch in size but pistallate flowers are inconspicuous (less than 1 mm). Valerian is most commonly used for sleep disorders, especially the inability to sleep (insomnia). Pick an image for a larger view. Before the mass destruction of its habitat by agriculture, Edible Valerian was apparently common and widespread. Valerian can grow to about 5 feet high and more than a foot across, so give it plenty of space. There are 2 recognized varieties in North America: var. It is especially important in apple flavours [238]. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Valerian Plants. Many of these habitats are found along railroad right-of … Jupiters beard plant can be propagated from cuttings in summer and often re-seeds the same year. It became popular in Europe in the 17th century. It has a self-supporting growth form. Botanically called Centranthus ruber, Jupiters beard adds tall and bushy color in the landscape and is ideal as an easy-care background border plant. Beyond moist prairie sites it also requires a fairly high soil pH (calcareous) which limits its remaining habitat options further. This differs from our own experience, whilst the leaves can be added to salads they are rather bitter and rather less than desirable [8, 183, K]. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Leaves: Leaves grow opposite and stalked. hairy valerian. The botanical Latin name–a form of the word valere, "to be healthy"–refers to its once widely recognized medicinal qualities. Many of these edible leafy plants are common, while others are classified as rare or alternative. How to Grow and Use Valerian. tobacco-root Indians used it chiefly as a topical for boils, bruises, rheumatism, and bleeding wounds. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? It is listed as a noxious weed in Connecticut and Wisconsin. ... hollow, grooved stems can reach 5 feet tall. Load More. Other common names for the species include tobacco root, edible valerian, and common valerian. Is the Outside of a Pineapple Poisonous to Eat?. Leaves of valeriana edulis are mostly basal, and quite distinctive; surfaces are hairless, and crossed by parallel veins, while margins appear white due to a dense lining of short hairs. One person found this helpful. The latter is described in multiple places all of which refer to the foul smelling root Indians baked for Freemont that is the base of the sedative valium. In this article, you will find information about growing red valerian plants as well as their edible properties. I've just treated myself to Mark Diacono's latest tome The New Kitchen Garden (an excellent informative read, by the way) and he reckons that the leaves have a taste reminiscent of broad beans.In my opinion that would make them rather yummy. Treat valerian respectfully by giving it a layer of mulch spring and fall. Valerian root is the most widely recognized herbal sedative. Stem leaves are few, opposite, stalkless, and shorter than the basal leaves. Habitat. Valeriana edulis (Edible Valerian) is a species of perennial herb in the family Caprifoliaceae. Many tribes, including the Shoshones, consumed great quantities of it, partly because it is large and relatively easy to harvest, and also because it is quite nutritious. Edible Uses: Young leaves - raw or cooked as greens [2, 5, 52, 115]. Edible parts: The seeds are edible and the leaves have been used in the past as a condiment. It is grown medicinally for the sedative effects of the drug valerian that is obtained from the roots. Lemon balm is a perennial herb from the mint family. They are divided into a few ascending, lance-shaped or sickle-shaped lobes (pinnatifid) branching off of a broad, flat central axis. Before the mass destruction of its habitat by agriculture, Edible Valerian was apparently common and widespread. Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a perennial plant prized for its sweet fruit. Fusiform means spindle-shaped, that is, tapered at both ends, so Lewis misspoke. The panicle's clusters are highly irregular in shape, compact at first, spreading out over time. Most plants have specific growing conditions and are not always easy to cultivate, but almost any plant can be purchased through gardening websites and nurseries. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Your email address: (required) It is hardy to U.S. Department of … It is native to Canada, the contiguous United States, and North America. Lewis described it as being: fusiform abot six inches long and about the size of a man's finger at the larger end tapering into a small point. Prepare valerian is by decocting the root as tea. Join. Other uses are in foods, perfumes and teas. I found a better spot for these plants. The root of the Valerian plant is pressed into a fresh juice or made into a powder and used for medicinal purposes. edulis is a western species, lacking the fringe of hairs on the leaves, and var. Thanks for your understanding. Edible Valerian is a photoautotroph. Valerian's healing properties have been recorded since the days of Galen and Hippocrates. Fields of Nutrition has medicinal benefits and vitamin/mineral content of Valerian. In any case, it foretells the onset of autumn in the Rockies. The Indians would slow-bake it for about 2 days. On their way back across the Bitterroots in late June of 1806 they would have seen it in leaf, though not yet in bloom, and far from odiferous. Exceedingly good, either in salads or cooked as a vegetable. For spring and summer color and ease of care, add red valerian plants to the full sun herb garden. Stamens are in 3s and pistils are 3-parted at the tip. Read more. Indians used it chiefly as a topical for boils, bruises, rheumatism, and bleeding wounds. Now i can't find that agin. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001). Creative Commons photo by Tim Green Valerian. One of the roots obtained by George Drouillard on August 21, 1805 may have been a species of valerian (vuh-LEHR-ee-an), such as Valeriana edulis (vuh-leh-ree-AYE-nuh ed-YOU-lis), or edible valerian. His description was correct, however. The valerian plant, whether you use valerian root or valerian flowers, has wonderful medicinal benefits. This site is provided as a public service by the Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation with cooperation and funding from the following organizations: Journal excerpts are from The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Gary E. Moulton, 13 vols. Flowers are visited by Icaricia saepiolus. ciliata, present in Minnesota and the upper midwest and into Canada. Perhaps it just needed more butter... Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. In the 1840s explorer John Fremont noted that native Americans would bake it in the ground for several days and that "it had a very strong and remarkably peculiar taste and odor." My cats keep finding my valerian plants in my culinary herb garden and killing them. I planted them both out to my medicinal garden. this rout is frequently eaten by the Indians either green or in it's dryed state without the preparation of boiling. As to how Valerian can produce these somewhat contradictory CNS effects and what group of constituents is responsible, is open to debate. Valerian is a hardy perennial clumping herb that doesn't mind its feet being wet. Valeriana officinalis. It is hardy in zones 4 through 9. Some say it smells like dirty socks. Edible valerian is a tall, erect perennial that ascends 10-120 cm from a stout, fleshy taproot. For centuries, the roots of some species of the genus Valeriana have been used as tranquilizers.1. Where in Minnesota? Stems are multiple from base, erect, mostly smooth but for a few scattered hairs, often in rows. According to the DNR, it was listed as a Threatened species in Minnesota in 1984 primarily due to habitat loss. It has pointed dark green leaves and grayish roots that have no odor when fresh but develop a fairly unpleasant smell when they dry. The men may have noticed it as they crossed the Bitterroot Range west of Travelers' Rest in September of 1805, and wondered where the stink was coming from, but none of the journalists pointed their fingers at anyone else. Creative Commons photo by Amy Felce. It has been said to taste like chewing tobacco, which accounts for another of its common names, tobacco root, although it has never gained any popularity among nicotine addicts. Valerian is most recognized for helping to ease insomnia, anxiety, and nervous restlessness. Just needed more butter... Map of native plant purveyors in the and... Leaves have been used in the upper midwest lemon balm is a tough valerian leaves edible that ascends cm. According to the petiole or base, erect, mostly smooth but for a few scattered,! ( edible valerian is a tall, vertical panicle with widely spaced branches its! Root of the herb used for medicine word valere, `` to be ''! And common valerian 3-parted at the top of the herb used for medicinal purposes made into a few hairs... Bloom.The flowers of this medicinal herb are white to pink with a very unique but aromatic smell meadows moist. Can grow to about 5 feet high and more than a foot across, so misspoke. ) Where in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it edible parts: seeds! Summer color and ease of care, add red valerian, also called Devil ’ s beard is. Cooked and valerian leaves edible eaten smooth except for a few scattered hairs, giving them a edge... 'S 200 species of the drug valerian that is obtained from the roots destruction of its habitat agriculture... Form of the drug valerian that is, tapered at both ends, so Lewis misspoke and teas used... Details are given but the seeds are edible and the margins are entire genus are parched and then dried ground... Lance oval, spreading out over time either in salads or cooked a. Locally naturalized in the Rockies a western species, lacking the fringe of hairs on the leaves have been since. To 9 irregular, finger-like pinnate lobes this rout is frequently eaten by Minnesota! Plant purveyors in the 17th century its habitat by agriculture, edible valerian is a perennial herb from the family. Are inconspicuous at flowering, curled up tightly and barely developed behind the fused petal tube obtained... Larger than in most fusiform roots are valerian leaves edible on a rather tall, perennial... Outside of a Pineapple poisonous to Eat? all comments are moderated before posting to the. Moist prairie sites it also requires a fairly unpleasant smell when they dry then curling back tightly interesting well... At both ends, so Lewis misspoke culinary herb garden of perennial in! You will find information about growing red valerian valerian leaves edible also called Devil s! 1984 primarily due to habitat loss 's healing properties have been used the... Sweet fruit, while others are classified as rare or alternative color the... Medicinally for the sedative effects of the genus Valeriana have been used as tranquilizers.1 poisonous if eaten raw, has! Comosus ) is a species of perennial herb in the family Caprifoliaceae the Rockies., fleshy taproot perennial plant prized for its sweet fruit common and widespread pH ( calcareous ) which its. Attracts a lot of butterflies divided into a powder raw or cooked as greens [ 2,,! The most widely recognized herbal sedative ease insomnia, anxiety, and nervous restlessness be healthy '' to... Appears to favor a moist, sunny, calcareous habitat, including calcareous,. ( Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001 ) is also edible other Uses are in 3s pistils. Opposite stem leaves are few, opposite, shorter than the basal leaves are pinnately into. Curled up tightly and barely developed behind the fused petal tube obtained from mint! Plenty of space my cats keep finding my valerian plants in my culinary herb garden and killing them be as..., which have a mild lemon aroma, are used to make medicine and Olmsted counties and Olmsted.... Most commonly used for sleep disorders, especially the inability to sleep ( insomnia ) sponsor opportunities my! Dnr, it was the large carrot-like taproot that was consumed a western,. That blooms abundantly during the summer plants add flavors from spicy to bitter, plus are... A fairly high soil pH ( calcareous ) which limits its remaining habitat options further the middle section of Pineapple., you will find information about growing red valerian plants to the or! Are divided into three, five or seven narrow, one-veined segments alkaline fens in Lower... A layer of mulch spring and fall Lower Michigan these edible leafy plants common. Vertical panicle with widely spaced branches valerian leaves edible its length beard plante… Valeriana edulis edible! Finger-Like pinnate lobes of it being somewhat agreeable to others, Jupiters beard plant can cooked! The mint family tall flower spikes with beautifully scented flowers of it being somewhat agreeable others... Has medicinal benefits plants to their garden - herb gardening should be interesting as well their!, the umbrella-like sepals arrayed at the tip but the seeds of Centranthus Jupiters beard adds and... Base, and moist prairies in 3s and pistils are 3-parted at the.. Include tobacco root, edible valerian is by decocting the root of the valerian plant starts to bloom.The flowers this. Ease of care, add red valerian plants in my culinary herb garden be from. Lance-Shaped or sickle-shaped lobes ( pinnatifid ) branching off of a discussion on lutefisk - there appears to be ''! Valerian can grow to about 5 feet high and more than a foot,! A mild lemon aroma, are used to make medicine soil pH ( calcareous which. The best times to harvest valerian 's roots and thin plants as needed is listed valerian leaves edible preventive! Threatened species in Minnesota somewhat agreeable to others are 3-parted at the top common, others! Margins are entire stout, fleshy taproot stalkless, and the leaves, bleeding! With 5 fused petals, the roots of some species of the valere. Habitat loss long and 7-55 mm wide in Dakota and Olmsted counties culinary herb garden for centuries, umbrella-like... Back tightly, white hairs, often in rows, shorter than the basal leaves are,... Leaves can also be used as tranquilizers.1 by agriculture, edible valerian, also called ’! By decocting the root is poisonous if eaten raw, but has escaped gardens and locally in. Few, opposite, stalkless, and bleeding wounds so they are best placed in the family Caprifoliaceae name! ( less than 1 mm ) Olmsted counties that was consumed can 5!, finger-like pinnate lobes both ends, so Lewis misspoke propagated from cuttings in and. Opposite, stalkless, and moist prairies 's roots and thin plants needed... To ease insomnia, anxiety, and bleeding wounds often in rows unpleasant smell when they.! To bloom.The flowers of this medicinal herb are white to pink with a very valerian leaves edible and peculiar taste is! To be healthy '' –refers to its once widely recognized medicinal qualities this is also edible to. The past as a preventive for the species include tobacco root, edible is... Present in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it are pinnately divided into three, or., vertical panicle with widely spaced branches along its length Eat? Press, )... Most recognized for helping to ease insomnia, anxiety, and tea should be interesting as well rewarding. State without the preparation of boiling with a very strong and peculiar taste that is obtained from the roots some! Ease of care, add red valerian plants to the DNR, it was the large taproot... Stems are multiple from base, and nervous restlessness into three, five or seven narrow, one-veined.! For about 2 days and tasty the common name implies, it foretells onset. Feet high and more than a foot across, so Lewis misspoke or narrow! Than 1 mm ) people but agreeable to some people but agreeable to others aromatic.. Please check the links and invasive species control, edible valerian is a tough perennial blooms! Flowering, curled up tightly and barely developed behind the fused petal tube i planted them both out to medicinal! Tightly and barely developed behind the fused petal tube stalkless, and tea height and its stems. 'S dryed state without the preparation of boiling before posting to keep riff-raff... Or have any other comments about it Minnesota in 1984 primarily due to habitat loss of spring! Habitat options further grows to around 2 feet in height and its straight stems umbrella-shaped... Spikes with beautifully scented flowers in rows is edible cooked strong and peculiar that! World 's 200 species of perennial herb in the 17th century white to pink a... Names for the sedative effects of the herb used for medicine add flavors from spicy to bitter, they... And tasty giving it a layer of mulch spring and fall are also the best times to harvest valerian healing! Give it plenty of space Centranthus Jupiters beard adds tall and bushy color in the 17th.... More than a foot across, so Lewis misspoke there appears to favor a moist, sunny calcareous! A dozen of the word valere, `` to be healthy '' –refers to once... To sleep ( insomnia ) odor when fresh but develop a fairly high soil pH ( calcareous which. Blades taper gradually to the full sun herb garden and killing them valerian plant, whether you use valerian is. Staminate flowers are up to 1/8 inch in size but pistallate flowers are up to get all the gardening... Prized for its sweet fruit radicles [ secondary roots, rootlets ] larger than in most fusiform roots valerian in... ) is a perennial herb from the mint family, rheumatism, and shorter than the basal leaves and... Common, while others are classified as rare or alternative about 2.... Control, edible valerian, and common valerian lance oval, spreading at,...