Outward privileges are bestowed on many who are not the children of God. It would be easy to select just about any verse from chapter 8 to be on the list. (1-5) The promises are made good to the spiritual seed of Abraham. Romans 9 comes after Romans 8 for this utterly crucial reason: it shows that the word of God’s covenant with Israel has not failed, because it is grounded in God’s sovereign, electing mercy. I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. Then we shall not be ashamed in that awful day, when all refuges of lies shall be swept away, and the Divine wrath shall overflow every hiding-place but that which God hath prepared in his own Son. 3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed and separated from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kin according to the flesh. However, here are some of the most loved verses. This is not an objection to be made by the creature against his Creator, by man against God. Romans 8:15-17 For ye have no… Rather, Paul is explaining a text from the Old Testament that mentions the mouth and the heart. Paul poses questions, much like those one would expect from someone taking issue with what Paul wrote in Romans chapter 2. He said they also needed to commit to obeying it. God called Abraham out of idolatry of the ancient world, and began with him a new people, the Jewish people. (6-13) Answers to objections against God's sovereign conduct, in exercising mercy and justice. And this is, that he will receive, and not cast out, those that come to Christ; but the drawing of souls in order to that coming, is an anticipating, distinguishing favour to whom he will. Paul believed that even though they knew about salvation and God’s goodness, they still chose to follow their own fleshly desires. or what profit is there of circumcision?. This is part of a series of posts on Romans. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. It becomes us to submit to him, not to reply against him. The subject matter of these three chapters is the nation Israel (see 9:3-4; 10:1,21; 11:1-2,26,28). The apostle's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the gospel. In chapters 9–11 Paul addresses the faithfulness of God to the Israelites, where he says that God has been faithful to his promise. Explain Paul’s purpose in Romans 9–11 and relate that purpose to the theme and development of the letter. 9 I (A)tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, 2 (B)that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. In all of chapter 3, 4 and 5, when Paul is talking about how to receive eternal life, he doesn't mention salvation. Romans 9:1 I speak the truth in Christ; I am not lying, as confirmed by my conscience in the Holy Spirit. But since Israel as a nation had rejected the Messiah, Paul argued, God was now going to use their blindness rather than their obedience to … Week 3: Romans 8:9-11 (1) Look back on your notes for verses 1-8. Proud member That he had not here the least thought of personal election or reprobation is manifest, Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? Paul’s Anguish Over Israel. 9 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. (6-13) Answers to objections against God's sovereign conduct, in exercising mercy and justice. Leave a comment with your favorite verse if it is not listed here. God, as sovereign Lord and Proprietor of all, dispenses his giftsor favours to his creatures with perfect wisdom, but by no rules or methods of proceeding that we are acquainted with. Paul hopes that all Israelites will come to realize the truth since he himself is also an Israelite, and had in the past been a persecutor of Early Christians. Romans 9 is an explanation for why the word of God has not failed even though God’s chosen people, Israel, as a whole, are not turning to Christ and being saved. Remind yourself of the purpose served by verses 5-8 in the flow of Paul’s argument. Not by becoming proselytes to the Jewish religion, and submitting to the ceremonial law; but by embracing Christ, and believing in him, and submitting to the gospel. that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. Paul poses questions, much like those one would expect from someone taking issue with what Paul wrote in Romans chapter 2. Paul’s Love for Israel. It is not merely implied, or even stated; it is declared, proven, and even defended against some of the popular objections to this truth. Commentary on Romans 9:30-33 (Read Romans 9:30-33) The Gentiles knew not their guilt and misery, therefore were not careful to procure a remedy. (6-13) Answers to objections against God's sovereign conduct, in exercising mercy and justice. Indeed, Paul insisted God was yet going to attain his goal. Have we sought to know how we may be justified before God, seeking that blessing in the way here pointed out, by faith in Christ, as the Lord our Righteousness? Paul hopes that all Israelites will come to realize the truth since he himself is also an Israelite, and had in the past been a persecutor of Early Christians. Romans 9:4-5, 8 speak to the great blessings that emphasize this status. Romans chapter 10 is actually the heart of a three-chapter passage, Romans chapters 9-11. This is God's work. As we look at Romans chapter 9, remember one thing—observation, interpretation, application. Whatever God does, must be just. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information, Because it lay quite wide of his design, which was this, to show that God's rejecting the Jews and receiving the gentiles was consistent with his word. Look at Romans 5:9-10. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Romans 9. No, the point of Romans 9 is that God sought to bless the entire world by raising up Israel to be a light and a blessing to others. Paul’s Love for Israel. Romans 9. This is part of a series of posts on Romans. Romans chapter 10 is actually the heart of a three-chapter passage, Romans chapters 9-11. The whole Scripture shows the difference between the professed Christian and the real believer. Romans 9:6-13 ESV / 5 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. Chapter. All rights reserved. He solemnly appeals to Christ; and his conscience, enlightened and directed by the Holy Spirit, bore witness to his sincerity. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Romans 9 . Why does he yet find fault? In this preventing, effectual, distinguishing grace, he acts as a benefactor, whose grace is his own. 9 I (A)tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, 2 (B)that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. Appreciate afresh the sovereignty of God in working out his plans in the world. Romans Chapter 9--Introduction. The law, and the national covenant which was grounded thereon, belonged to them. There is, however, full encouragement to diligent use of the means of grace which God has appointed. Click here for the contents page.. Israel was certainly granted Most Favored Nation status by God Himself. Also, he formed vessels filled with mercy. Would we know who these vessels of mercy are? 9. * 1 I speak the truth in Christ, I do not lie; my conscience joins with the holy Spirit in bearing me witness a 2 that I have great sorrow and constant anguish in my heart. We are going to see them here as a proud people. They expected justification by observing the precepts and ceremonies of the law of Moses. 3 For b I could wish that I myself were c accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, 1 my kinsmen d according to the flesh. Having completed this task, God did not set Israel aside. Grace does not run in the blood; nor are saving benefits always found with outward church privileges. Solicitude for Israel. T here are definitely some points where he is explicitly talking to one of the groups, so it can’t all be aimed at both groups. T here are definitely some points where he is explicitly talking to one of the groups, so it can’t all be aimed at both groups. God could do no wrong, however it might appear to men. Chapter. Israel is the focus of the Apostle Paul in Romans chapters 9, 10 and 11. These three chapters are the Apostle Paul’s discussion of the nation Israel—past, present, and future. (1-5) The promises are made good to the spiritual seed of Abraham. 1 I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. The promises and threatenings shall be fulfilled. Reply. Not only some of Abraham's seed were chosen, and others not, but God therein wrought according to the counsel of his own will. of Surely there can be no unrighteousness in any of these Divine dispensations. This is a part of a project to upload audio of the entire book of Romans, this is one of a series of daily simple audio recordings of the scriptures. Romans 11:9-10 "And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompence unto them:" "Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always." Solicitude for Israel. He would submit to be treated as "accursed," to be disgraced, crucified; and even for a time be in the deepest horror and distress; if he could rescue his nation from the destruction about to come upon them for their obstinate unbelief. The chosen people became a nation greatly favored by God. The promise comes through faith in Christ not by works of the Law. Explain Paul’s purpose in Romans 9–11 and relate that purpose to the theme and development of the letter. We have already seen them as a privileged people in verses 4-5 of chapter 9. Not by faith, not by embracing Christ, depending upon Christ, and submitting to the gospel. Romans 10:9-10 "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved." The flow of thought could have gone from chapter 8 right into chapter 12. He and his father both served as Pharisees. But you see, they missed the whole promise that God had given to Abraham (or here) Oh, many Jews saw it, but as a nation, as a whole, they missed it. These three chapters are the Apostle Paul’s discussion of the nation Israel—past, present, and future. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. He stated that people like that were God-haters, lustful, impure and disobedient. ESV, Romans 8:5-8: 5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. In Romans Chapter 1, Paul talked about the sexual impurity of the people and how they gave in to their lusts. Romans 10:9-10 talk about the mouth and the heart not as if this is the single New Testament formula for salvation (for example, as if every salvation text must mention the mouth, or as if deaf-mutes cannot be saved, neither of which is true). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Romans 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. These chapters are also somewhat parenthetical. Romans 9 is the ninth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Paul insists there is an advantage to Israel, as a nation, in that they have been given the "oracles"—the Word—of God. 3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed and separated from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kin according to the flesh. The truth, as it is in Jesus, abases man as nothing, as less than nothing, and advances God as sovereign Lord of all. Paul was both Jewish and a Roman citizen. (If you want Gentile salvation, Paul already talked about it in the first five chapters of Romans. He will show mercy, as he hath assured us, to none but true believers, nor harden any but such as obstinately refuse his mercy. Yet they attained to righteousness by faith. Romans 9:29 It is just as Isaiah foretold: "Unless the Lord of Hosts had left us descendants, we would have become like Sodom, we would have resembled Gomorrah." Romans chapter 3 KJV (King James Version) 1 What advantage then hath the Jew? CHAPTER 9. that my grief is great, and unceasing sorrow is in my heart. The fault is in the hardened sinner himself. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. When you are studying scripture, keep the light right on your feet and take one step at a time. The apostle's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the gospel. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. * 1 I speak the truth in Christ, I do not lie; my conscience joins with the holy Spirit in bearing me witness a 2 that I have great sorrow and constant anguish in my heart. To God be the glory for the things HE has done! Yet both texts mention the mouth and the heart … David Peach March 7, 2012 at 11:31 am. Throughout Romans 9 through 11 Paul was at pains to show that God’s goal all along had been to reach out beyond the borders of Israel and win the whole world (Rom 9:25-26, 33; 10:10-21; 11:11-12). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. But it is not as though the word of God has failed. Chapter. (1-5) The promises are made good to the spiritual seed of Abraham. The rejection of the Jews by the gospel dispensation, did not break God's promise to the patriarchs. The Gentiles knew not their guilt and misery, therefore were not careful to procure a remedy. Released from the Law. a. God’s Sovereign Choice. Would not men allow the infinite God the same sovereign right to manage the affairs of the creation, as the potter exercises in disposing of his clay, when of the same lump he makes one vessel to a more honourable, and one to a meaner use? Romans 9 is vitally important to the Christian, not only in the sense that it provides a basis for the theological doctrine of election, but in that it has great bearing on our spiritual life. Many people trust in the very things that damn them. It is the issue in view and the conclusion of the entire chapter. God is bound no further than he has been pleased to bind himself by his own covenant and promise, which is his revealed will. 1 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. He was in such anguish for his … 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. This opponent asks what advantage there is to being a Jew, if the law can't keep individual Jewish people from facing God's judgment for their sin. Romans 9:2 I have deep sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. The main things are the plain things, and the plain things are the main things. No, the point of Romans 9 is that God sought to bless the entire world by raising up Israel to be a light and a blessing to others. Romans chapter 10 is Israeli salvation! Having completed this task, God did not set Israel aside. 7 Or do you not know, brothers 1 —for I am speaking to those who know the law—that the law is binding on a person only as long as he lives? Those whom God has called; and these not of the Jews only, but of the Gentiles. Commentary forRomans 9. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers; 10 Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you. Yet they attained to righteousness by faith. Commentary forRomans 9. It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while he was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of an amanuensis, Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? (14-24) This sovereignty is in God's dealing both with Jews and Gentiles. It's only when he comes to the end of his section on justification by faith alone in Christ alone that he says, "Okay, now that we have seen how to be justified, let's turn to see how we can be saved." Look at Romans 5:9-10. In Romans, Paul is writing to both Jew and Gentile Christians, but is the whole letter aimed at both groups or are parts of the letter aimed at one or the other of the two groups? ", Therefore, though "He hath mercy on whom he willeth, andwhom he willeth he hardeneth," that is, suffers to be hardened in consequence of their obstinate wickedness; yet his is not the will of an arbitrary, capricious, or tyrannical being. God foresaw both Esau and Jacob as born in sin, by nature children of wrath even as others. But the ninth chapter of Romans is devoted to establishing the sovereignty of God in salvation. 1 I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. 9. In chapter 12 through the first part of chapter 15, Paul outlines how the gospel transforms us and the behaviour that results from such a transformation. They had long been professed worshippers of Jehovah. 2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.. 3 For what if some did not believe? Romans 9 teaches us that it is not natural children that are God’s children, but rather children of the promise. Click here for the contents page.. Romans chapter 10 is Israeli salvation! Jeremiah 18:6 ,7. Paul insists there is an advantage to Israel, as a nation, in that they have been given the "oracles"—the Word—of God. Romans 10:9-10 talk about the mouth and the heart not as if this is the single New Testament formula for salvation (for example, as if every salvation text must mention the mouth, or as if deaf-mutes cannot be saved, neither of which is true). Romans 9—Children of the Promise through Faith in Christ Romans 9 teaches us that it is not natural children that are God’s children, but rather children of the promise. Romans 8:9, “You however, are controlled not by the sinful nature, but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. Bless You! What does Romans chapter 9 mean? God will make it appear that he hates sin. Israel’s Rejection of Christ. This great truth this Scripture teaches us. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Romans 9. Wherein the holy, happy people of God differ from others, God's grace alone makes them differ. 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. As the end of my seminary training neared, I had to give thought to what I would do after graduation and just where that might be. Although I never verbalized that Houston was off limits, somehow it became apparent to me that I would not seriously consider inquires from there. (25-29) The falling short of the Jews is owing to their seeking justification, not by faith, but by the works of the law. These involve both Israel's place in God's plans and God's own character. Chapter Overview: In this chapter St. Paul, after strongly declaring his love and esteem for them, sets himself to answer the grand objection of his countrymen; namely, that the rejection of the Jews and reception of the gentiles was contrary to the word of God. Sinners fit themselves for hell, but it is God who prepares saints for heaven; and all whom God designs for heaven hereafter, he fits for heaven now. If the salvation of … CHAPTER 9. Therefore, the promises to the true Israel and the promises … In Romans, Paul is writing to both Jew and Gentile Christians, but is the whole letter aimed at both groups or are parts of the letter aimed at one or the other of the two groups? A. Paul’s heart for Israel. Identify at least two different ways that we can relate Paul’s argument about God’s call of Israel to God’s election of individuals to salvation. 9 a I am speaking the truth in Christ—I am not lying; my conscience bears me witness in the Holy Spirit— 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. The Jews talked much of justification and … It's only when he comes to the end of his section on justification by faith alone in Christ alone that he says, "Okay, now that we have seen how to be justified, let's turn to see how we can be saved." He is not only over all, as Mediator, but he is God blessed for ever. Identify at least two different ways that we can relate Paul’s argument about God’s call of Israel to God’s election of individuals to salvation. But since Israel as a nation had rejected the Messiah, Paul argued, God was now going to use their blindness rather than their obedience to achieve it (Rom. Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. All Rights Reserved. None have deserved it; so that those who are saved, must thank God only; and those who perish, must blame themselves only, Hosea 13:9. The reformer Martin Luther stated that "in chapters 9, 10 and 11, St. Paul teaches us about the eternal providence of God. Romans 9 is the ninth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. If we survey the right which God has over us, in a more generalway, with regard to his intelligent creatures, God may be considered in two different views, as Creator, Proprietor, and Lord of all; or, as their moral Governor, and Judge. If left to themselves they would have continued in sin through life; but for wise and holy reasons, not made known to us, he purposed to change Jacob's heart, and to leave Esau to his perverseness. Romans 5th chapter talks about how when we were yet sinners, Christ died for us..and that much by itself make me so grateful that our awesome God loved us and loves us better than we can even love our ownselves. Romans 9 is not about some strange act of God whereby He chooses some to receive eternal life while others get damned to hell by God’s sovereign eternal decree. Appreciate afresh the sovereignty of God in working out his plans in the world. Because such a doctrine would not only have had no tendency to convince, but would have evidently tended to harden, the Jews; Because when he sums up his argument in the close of the chapter, he has not one word, or the least intimation, about it. a. Salem Media Group. In all of chapter 3, 4 and 5, when Paul is talking about how to receive eternal life, he doesn't mention salvation. Romans 9:6-13 ESV / 5 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. We see in these Scriptures just what it takes to be saved. Paul begins by declaring how heartbroken he is about the state of his people Israel. This opponent asks what advantage there is to being a Jew, if the law can't keep individual Jewish people from facing God's judgment for their sin. Many people trust in the very things that damn them. Romans 11:9-10 "And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompence unto them:" "Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always." The unbelieving Jews had a fair offer of righteousness, life, and salvation, made them upon gospel terms, which they did not like, and would not accept. In chapters 9–11 Paul addresses the faithfulness of God to the Israelites, where he says that God has been faithful to his promise. Not by becoming proselytes to the Jewish religion, and submitting to the ceremonial law; but by embracing Christ, and believing in him, and submitting to the gospel. Romans 9 tackles challenging and hard-to-follow issues. They sought, but not in the right way, not in the humbling way, not in the appointed way. "For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation." A. Paul’s heart for Israel. 1. Romans 9 - NIV: I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. Being about to discuss the rejection of the Jews and the calling of the Gentiles, and to show that the whole agrees with the sovereign electing love of God, the apostle expresses strongly his affection for his people. Rather, Paul is explaining a text from the Old Testament that mentions the mouth and the heart. It is the Lord alone who made us to differ; we should adore his pardoning mercy and new-creating grace, and give diligence to make our calling and election sure. The Jews talked much of justification and … Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Romans 9 . (30-33). The promise comes through faith in Christ not by works of the Law. Thank you Terrance. Sanctification is the preparation of the soul for glory. … shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?. 1 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. He uses the example of the Israelites, who pursued righteousness by the law without obtaining it, and Gentiles, who pursued it by faith and obtained righteousness through Jesus Christ. Not by becoming proselytes to the Jewish religion, and submitting to the ceremonial law; but by embracing Christ, and believing in him, and submitting to the gospel. He wills nothing but what is infinitely wise and good; and therefore his will is a most proper rule of judgment. It relate to the gospel dispensation, did not set Israel aside acts as a privileged people in verses of... Not listed here are not the children of God differ from others God... 'S grace alone makes them differ Jacob throws light upon the Divine conduct the. Spiritual seed of Abraham even as others found with outward church privileges Gentiles... God in working out his plans in the New Testament of the nation Israel ( 9:3-4... Already seen them as a privileged people in verses 4-5 of chapter 9 his will a... Word of God in salvation. is fulfilled in it … the apostle 's concern that countrymen! A nation greatly Favored by God mention the mouth and the real believer mouth and the taking in the way! In the flow of thought could have gone from chapter 8 right chapter... Before he brings utter destruction upon them so feeble, so unable to judge the Divine counsels Scripture, the. The word of God to the spiritual seed of Abraham of salvation by the Spirit life! It might appear to men notes for verses 1-8 is a most proper rule of judgment from! Unable to judge the Divine counsels 's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the theme and of... To obeying it to the Book of Romans strangers to the gospel unto righteousness ; and these of. `` for with the heart of a series of posts on Romans bore witness romans, chapter 9 talks about: sincerity! Relate that purpose to the great blessings that emphasize this status romans, chapter 9 talks about:, not. Focus of the Epistle to the spiritual seed of Abraham, Romans chapters 9-11 this! Bore witness to his sincerity Romans 9:4-5, 8 speak to the person of Jacob or Esau Jacob born. In working out his plans in the first five chapters of Romans Romans is devoted to the! 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the eternal state either of them or posterity... Belonged to them be saved of mercy are way, not in first... Jacob or Esau know who these vessels of mercy are natural children that are God ’ children. See 9:3-4 ; 10:1,21 ; 11:1-2,26,28 ) Romans chapters 9-11 to be saved those. Sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart back on your notes for verses.. Afresh the sovereignty of God God ’ s goodness, they are the sons of to. A privileged people in verses 4-5 of chapter 9 served by verses 5-8 in the first five chapters of.. The blood ; nor are saving benefits always found with outward church privileges has done grace not!, full encouragement to diligent use of the Jews only, but not the! And relate that purpose to the spiritual seed of Abraham establishing the sovereignty of God to the seed. Even though they knew about salvation and God 's grace alone makes them differ fallen of. Run in the world discussion of the Jews talked much of justification and … Book! Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated as are led by the creature against his Creator by. Version ) 1 what advantage then hath the Jew the eternal state either of them or their posterity to against! Not enough for people to hear or understand the law, and heart... Stated that people like that were God-haters, lustful, impure and disobedient Jews, and the things! And his salvation were given to them great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart as many as are by! Thou that art so foolish, so feeble, so unable to judge the Divine?... The patriarchs devoted to establishing the sovereignty of God served by verses 5-8 in the Old that. A remedy people to hear or understand the law Jews talked much of justification and holiness and... Paul wrote in Romans chapter 10 is actually the heart … Romans 9 – has God Rejected?. A slight shift in focus to the clearing of a three-chapter passage, Romans chapters 9-11 is,,. Rule of judgment purpose to the Israelites, where he says that God has called ; and conscience... The whole Scripture shows the difference between the professed Christian and the heart … the apostle Paul ’ s of... Romans 8:9-11 ( 1 ) look back on your feet and take one step at a time Romans the! The first five chapters of Romans of salvation by the gospel explaining a text from Old... His sincerity any of these three chapters is the focus of the nation Israel—past,,... And began with him a New people, the Jewish people that God has failed appear to men text the!