This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Another fun fact is that Georgia was named after King George II who gave James O. Georgia, as a royal colony, provided Britain with deerskin, leather, naval stores, indigo, pork, beef, lumber, and rice. Fun Facts One fun fact about the colony of Georgia is that In 1733, Georgia became the last of the original 13 British colonies in North America, established nearly 50 years after New Hampshire. The state attained statehood on January 2, 1788, becoming the 4th state to join the union. It also abolished the trade of rum, because it supposedly caused idleness, and also prohibited slavery, as James Oglethorpe thought that slavery went against British ideals. Mtskheta and Kutaisi, both former capitals of Georgia, are among Europe’s 16 oldest cities. 20 Interesting Facts About Georgia Georgia, the last of original 13 colonies, was named after King George of the Great Britain. It was controlled by the trustees from Britain. Natural resources in the Georgia Colony included timber, agricultural land, and fish. ◆ Georgia originally included land between the Savannah and the Altamaha rivers. Fact 9 Georgia was mainly a colony of hilly coastal plains and plenty of forests. The Georgia Colony was the last of the 13 original colonies to be established. It is a state in the Southeastern United States. ◆ In the first 20 years, settlers had no say in their government. Thus, in 1732, Georgia was founded. Despite being founded on noble concepts, the idea of a slavery-free society was probably too new for the time, and tragically, slavery finally found a way back in. With them they brought economic and … The colony was established as a place where the poor could start new lives. People blamed the abolition of slavery and liquor for their shortcomings. Atlanta became its capital in 1868. Establishing the Georgia Colony, 1732-1750. Georgia played an important role in both, British and American history, being the last British colony in the New World. It withstood attacks from the Spanish and sometimes even the Native Indians, but kept growing larger, even drawing immigrants from other colonies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. When hostilities began to rise between Britain and the colonies, Georgia was reluctant to support the cause. He returned to England in humiliation because he broke the promise and married a woman. 1788 - Georgia ratifies the Constitution and joins the United States as the 4th state. It was to serve as a haven for incarcerated debtors and other criminals from England; it was to serve as a ‘buffer’ to protect the other British colonies from French and Spanish threats; and it was to offer refuge to persecuted protestants in Europe. The charter had strict rules, which prohibited the trustees from owning land or making profit, because it was presumed that they were on a humanitarian mission. ◆ John Wesley, the founder of the Methodist Church, accompanied Oglethorpe from England to preach to the settlers and convert the Indian tribes to Christianity. While practical considerations forced him to change his plans, Georgia certainly drew deserving people not only from Britain, but from all of Europe. Georgia was the only one of the original 13 colonies to ban both alcohol and slavery. Slavery and trade in rum were allowed, both of which made Georgia famous. The Georgia Colony's major city was Savannah. In 1752, citing failure of the trustees in managing it, the king declared it as a royal colony. It was argued that slave labor was necessary to develop the colony. This map shows what was grown throughout the southern colonies. During the American War of Independence, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the constitution and join the Union, on January 2, 1788. Kutaisi, located in the western Georgia, was the capital of the Kingdom of Colchis – the ancient region of southern Caucasus where people lived as early as the second millennium BC. We hope you enjoy this website. 1776 - Georgia signs the Declaration of Independence from Britain. 5. Oglethorpe became the first governor of this province. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The English liberties of men were guaranteed to the colonies, and the freedom of religion was bestowed upon all except the Catholics. He founded Methodist Church. We also have lots of cash crops and again we have slaves to pick your crops. Oglethorpe returned to England in disagreement, never to return again. The Georgia Colony was established 50 years after the other 12 colonies. It carried out a highly successful fur trade with the Indian tribes. Georgia, country of Transcaucasia located at the eastern end of the Black Sea on the southern flanks of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. Colonial Georgia experienced hot and humid summers and warm temperatures throughout the year. These cookies do not store any personal information. One of the first states to secede from the Union in 1861, Georgia strongly supported the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War. The colony's corporate charter was granted to General James Oglethorpe on April 21, 1732, by George II, for whom the … When the trustees along with Oglethorpe began to make their selections for the original colonists who would populate the state, they began to seek out skilled trades and craftspeople rather than debtors. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. As Georgia was founded for the criminals, (according to English law) many Jews also sought refuge in this new land. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures. Historyplex will tell you more about the history of the Georgia Colony, besides other interesting facts. The Georgia colony was the last of the original 13 colonies to be established. It was founded in 1732 by several colonists including James Oglethorpe. The charter was valid for 20 years, at the end of which, the king declared Georgia as a royal colony in 1752. In the original grant, a narrow strip of the province extended to the Pacific Ocean. Georgia also traded and exported all of the things they grew. The land was named for King George II, who granted the charter to Georgia’s first trustees. Oglethorpe visited the chiefs of all the Indian tribes for their support. They began clearing the land and setting up boundaries. A charter from King George II to create his own colony, Colonial Georgia. During which time slavery and alcohol were banned. Georgia was founded in 1732 by British Member of Parliament James Oglethorpe as a felon colony. Nicknames given to Georgia over the years include the Peach State, and the Empire State of the South. They decided that even though the colony's mission still held to the ideals of social reform and freedom from institutionalized oppression, the focus of the colony would be t… Historical Facts Colonial Culture Demographics Marketing Plan Origin Georgia was founded on January 2, 1788 by James Oglethorpe. When he returned to England the alcohol ban was lifted immediately and in 1749 slavery was allowed. It shares its border with five states (Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee.) Georgia was the last British colony in North America, founded after a gap of almost five decades. After Oglethorpe left the army, he devoted himself to helping the poor and debt-ridden people of London, whom he suggested settling in America. He converted the American Indians and gave preaching to the colonists. The Best History Museums to Virtually Tour During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Virtual Reality Experiences That Let You See History Up Close, The Most Accurate Movies Based on History Worth Seeing, History of Dentistry: From Ancient Necessity to Modern Luxury, A Peoples History: Howard Zinn and the Politics of American History, Chocolate History: From Ancient Ritual to Modern Indulgence, Subaru History: How the Japanese Manufacturer Become World-Famous. The British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. (13 Colonies > Georgia Colony ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. In 1749, Georgia became a slave colony. In fact, the motto of the trustees was ‘Non sibi sed aliis’, which roughly translates as ‘not for the self, but for others’. Georgia colonists came from a wide variety of lands, which included the British Isles, northern Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa, the Caribbean, as well as American colonies. Oglethorpe was not only a member of its Board of Trustees but was also among its first settlers. It was named after King George II, who gave permission to establish the Georgia colony. Plantation owners in the Georgia Colony often traded their crops for items they could not produce. The Georgia Colony was named after King George II of England, as specified by … A former constituent republic of the Soviet Union, it became formally independent in 1991. Donations were received from charitable individuals and organizations for the long trip across the Atlantic. It was the last of the thirteen original American colonies established by Great Britain in what later became the United States. 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