III, p. 655. [196], South Africa has 11 official languages:[197] Zulu, Xhosa, Afrikaans, English, Pedi,[198] Tswana, Southern Sotho, Tsonga, Swazi, Venda, and Southern Ndebele (in order of first language speakers). [166] Due to the aridity of the land, only 13.5% can be used for crop production, and only 3% is considered high potential land. South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. South Africa time now. Six countries that share land borders with South Africa are … The number is surpassed only by India. It is the eastern part … [45] Despite briefly returning to Dutch rule under the Batavian Republic in 1803, the Cape was occupied again by the British in 1806. The white minority (less than 20%)[62] controlled the vastly larger black majority. Official name Republic of South Africa 1 Form of government multiparty republic with two legislative houses (National Council of Provinces [90]; National Assembly [400]) Head of state and government President: Cyril Ramaphosa Capitals (de facto) Pretoria 2 (executive); Bloemfontein 3 (judicial); Cape Town (legislative) Official languages See footnote 1. Current age 24 years 270 days. Since 1961, the long formal name in English has been the "Republic of South Africa" and Republiek van Suid-Afrika in Afrikaans. [194] The 2011 census figures for these groups were: Black African at 79.2%, White at 8.9%, Coloured at 8.9%, Asian at 2.5%, and Other/Unspecified at 0.5%. Following Lord Carnarvon's successful introduction of federation in Canada, it was thought that similar political effort, coupled with military campaigns, might succeed with the African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa. Many of the unofficial languages of the San and Khoikhoi people contain regional dialects stretching northwards into Namibia and Botswana, and elsewhere. The full names or abbreviations included below are accepted. South Africa signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 4 June 1994, and became a party to the convention on 2 November 1995. [31] There followed species including Australopithecus sediba, Homo ergaster, Homo erectus, Homo rhodesiensis, Homo helmei, Homo naledi and modern humans (Homo sapiens). Street. [227], After the 2009 general elections, former president Jacob Zuma appointed Dr Aaron Motsoaledi as the new health minister and committed his government to increasing funding for and widening the scope of HIV treatment,[228] and by 2015, South Africa had made significant progress, with the widespread availability of antiretroviral drugs resulted in an increase in life expectancy from 52.1 years to 62.5 years.[229]. The Boers founded the Boer Republics: the South African Republic (now Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North West provinces), the Natalia Republic (KwaZulu-Natal), and the Orange Free State (Free State). It is about the same size as Colombia, twice the size of France, three times as big as Japan, four times the size of Italy and five times the size of the United Kingdom.[85]. As the Union of South Africa, the country was a founding member of the UN. Njesuthi in the Drakensberg at 3,408 m (11,181 ft) is the highest part in South Africa. The Financial Secrecy Index (FDI) ranks South Africa as the 50th safest tax haven in the world. These include the likes of Johannesburg zoo, Pretoria zoo, Tygerberg zoo. This area also produces much of the wine in South Africa. No President may serve more than two terms in office. [160], Unlike most of the world's poor countries, South Africa does not have a thriving informal economy. It is famous for the most extensive areas of indigenous forests in South Africa (a generally forest-poor country). There are significant numbers of baobab trees in this area, near the northern end of Kruger National Park.[112]. BRT has been implemented in some South African cities in an attempt to provide more formalised and safer public transport services. [218], About 84% of the population depends on the public healthcare system,[218] which is beset with chronic human resource shortages and limited resources. What is the full form of RSA? [140] The 2019 Johannesburg riots were similar in nature and origin to the 2008 xenophobic riots that also occurred in Johannesburg.[141]. In 2015, the Oliver Hermanus film The Endless River became the first South African film selected for the Venice Film Festival. [99], Climate change has highly impacted South Africa, primarily due to increased temperatures and rainfall variability. 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