Jonah 3:9, ESV: "Who knows?God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish.”" ", Jonah 3:9 (NRSA) Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. Verses 1-4 God employs Jonah again in his service. Thus he spared Nineveh. Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? ", Who knows? The Book of Jonah is a book of the Nevi'im ("Prophets") in the Hebrew Bible.It tells of a Hebrew prophet named Jonah son of Amittai who is sent by God to prophesy the destruction of Nineveh but tries to escape the divine mission. ", Jonah 3:9 (GNTA) Repentance derives all its efficacy from the death of Christ, just as Jonah's message derived its weight with the Ninevites from his entombment. It is not enough to fast for sin, but we must fast from sin; and, in order to the success of our prayers, we must no more regard iniquity in our hearts, ( Psalms 66:18 ) . Who can tell if God will turn and repent and turn away from his fierce anger, that we not perish? Who knows? ", Jonah 3:9 (GW) Now Nineveh was an enormous city—it required three days to walk through it! 7. neither . 3. arose and went --like the son who was at first disobedient to the father's command, "Go work in my vineyard," but who afterwards "repented and went" ( Matthew 21:28 Matthew 21:29 ). Maybe he will stop being angry, and then we will not die. God may see this and turn from his wrath, so that we might not perish. Then we won't die. 3 So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord.Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, [] a three-day journey in extent. God may turn and relent; He may turn from His burning anger so that we will not perish. His making use of us is an evidence of his being at peace with us. Who knows? This is to show how freely he yields himself, in the spirit of unconditional obedience, to speak whatever God may please. Jonah 4:8, "[~'Elohiym]," the personal God, sends the worm. The People of Nineveh Respond to Jonah’s Warning - The LORD’s message came to Jonah a second time, “Go immediately to Nineveh, that large city, and proclaim to it the message that I tell you.” So Jonah went immediately to Nineveh, in keeping with the LORD’s message. Hope of mercy is the great encouragement to repentance and reformation. Re… . that knows the ways of repentance, he will return, as Kimchi and . God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish.”. Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying, Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you. Perhaps even yet God will change his mind and hold back his fierce anger from destroying us.”, Who knows? ", Jonah 3:9 (GNT) Their acting on a vague possibility of God's mercy, without any special ground of encouragement, is the more remarkable instance of faith, as they had to break through long-rooted prejudices in giving up idols to seek Jehovah at all. Jonah faithfully and boldly delivered his errand. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. sackcloth--In the East outward actions are often used as symbolical expressions of inward feelings. Who can tell? 10. The Septuagint and Arabic versions prefix to this the word 4 Jonah began by going a day's journey into the city, proclaiming, 'Forty more days and Nineveh will be overthrown.' The Bible ever assigns the first place to the eternal principles of righteousness, rooted in the character of God, subordinating to them all divine arrangements. Forty years elapsed from the beginning of Christ's ministry (the antitype of Jonah's) to the destruction of Jerusalem. Who knows? In prayer we must cry mightily, with fixedness of thought, firmness of faith, and devout affections. Jonah was not disobedient, as he had been. 8. cry . God's sparing Nineveh, when in the jaws of destruction, on the first dawn of repentance encourages the timid penitent, and shows beforehand that Israel's doom, soon after accomplished, is to be ascribed, not to unwillingness to forgive on God's part, but to their own obstinate impenitence. Why repentance is important for all people. Jonah 3:9 (WYC) Who knoweth, if God be converted, and forgive, and be turned away from strong vengeance of his wrath, and we shall not perish? ', Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise), Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. And God saw their words, that they turned from their evil way, &c.] Not their outward works, in putting on sackcloth and ashes, and fasting; but their inward works, their faith in him, and repentance towards him; and which were attended with fruits and works meet for repentance, in that they forsook their former course of life, and refrained from it; and these he saw not barely with his eye … Who knoweth whether God will not turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Though he is said to repent, it is not as man doth, who may, through frailty of his nature, lie; but our God is not a man, or as the son of man, that he should change or lie. God may relent and change his mind; he may turn from his fierce anger, so that we do not perish.". Jonah's statement is confirmed by heathen writers, who describe Nineveh as four hundred eighty stadia in circumference [DIODORUS SICULUS, 2.3]. of Jonah Goes to Nineveh. HERODOTUS defines a day's journey to be one hundred fifty stadia; so three days' journey will not be much below DIODORUS' estimate. Jonah 3:9 (DBY) Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. which some connect with the next word, "he will return": that is, He thought, Who knows? Jonah 3:9 (WEB) Forty days is a long time for a righteous God to delay judgments, yet it is but a little time for an unrighteous people to repent and reform in. "saying", and take them to be, not the words of the king, but of Jonah 3:9-10, “Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.” Jonah 3:9. Grace is the major theme of Jonah 3. ", Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish. A fast was proclaimed, and all of them, from the greatest to the least, put on sackcloth. ", "Who knows, God may turn and relent and withdraw His burning anger so that we will not perish.". Jonah 3 King James Version (KJV). LAYARD latterly has thought that the name Nineveh belonged originally to Koyunjik, rather than to Nimroud. Jonah 3:9 (CEB) ), or autumnal east wind (Hitzig), is far less suitable. . (1-4) Nineveh is spared upon the repentance of the inhabitants. Study Jonah 3 - 'Pyhä Raamattu (1933/1938)' translation alongside Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 3 and Word. Jonah 3:9 (LEB) Prophecy is not merely for the sake of proving God's omniscience by the verification of predictions of the future, but is mainly designed to vindicate God's justice and mercy in dealing with the impenitent and penitent respectively ( Romans 11:22 ). Jonah 3:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Jonah 3:9, NIV: "Who knows?God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish.'" ", Jonah 3:9 (TMBA) But God was merciful and offered another chance. Who knows? Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The Ninevites hoped that God would turn from his fierce anger; and that thus their ruin would be prevented. Jonah 3:9 (NKJV) Who knows? . Evil Ways is “Works” and Not Bible Repentance. ", Perhaps God will change his mind; perhaps he will stop being angry, and we will not die! What was really a change in them and in God's corresponding dealings is, in condescension to human conceptions, represented as a change in God (compare Exodus 32:14 ), who, in His essential righteousness and mercy, changeth not ( Numbers 23:19 , 1 Samuel 15:29 , Malachi 3:6 , 1:17 ). Jarchi; and so the Targum. Jonah and his Antitype alike appeared low and friendless among their hearers; both victims to death for God's wrath against sin, both preaching repentance. Then we won't die. Jonah 3:9 (RHE) Verses 5-10 There was a wonder of Divine grace in the repentance and reformation of Nineveh. This number is in Scripture associated often with humiliation. 1 The word of the Lord came to Jonah son of Amittai: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before me.” 3 But Jonah ran away from the Lord and headed for Tarshish ().He went down to Joppa, where he found a ship bound for that port. ", Jonah 3:9 (TMB) who can tell whether god will turne and repent and cease from his fearce wrathe that we perish not? Compare Abraham's reasoning, Genesis 18:25 , Ezekiel 18:21-25 , Jeremiah 18:7-10 . . ', Jonah sent again to Nineveh, preaches there. In the third chapter of the Book of Jonah, Jonah finally reaches Nineveh, and starts preaching repentance and reformation to the people there. Proud member Who knows? All rights reserved. Jonah Flees From the Lord. 2 Pe 3:9, “ The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.” and He did not do it. God did not bring judgment on Nineveh. Perhaps God will change his mind; perhaps he will stop being angry, and we will not die! Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. PRINCIPLE: Who knows, God may yet repent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we perish not? Who knows? Though he is said to repent, it is not as man doth, who may, through frailty of his nature, lie; but our God is not a man, or as the son of man, that he should change or lie. God may reconsider his plans and turn from his burning anger so that we won't die. The change in the form which the Ninevites would hear from Jonah on anxious inquiry into his history, would alarm them the more, as implying the increasing nearness and certainty of their doom, and would at the same time reprove Jonah for his previous guilt in delaying to warn them. Jonah 3:9 (NIRV) All greatness was in the Hebrew mind associated with GOD; hence arose the idiom (compare "great mountains," Margin, "mountains of God," Psalms 36:6 ; "goodly cedars," Margin, "cedars of God," Psalms 80:10 ; "a mighty hunter before the Lord," Genesis 10:9 ). It is no longer a cry against the sins of Nineveh, but an announcement of its ruin in forty days. Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 3 By New Christian Bible Study Staff . As Jonah's restoration gave hope of God's placability to Nineveh, so Christ's resurrection assures us God is fully reconciled to man by Christ's death. First is God's grace shown to His prophet, Jonah, by extending him a second chance after his flagrant rebellion in chapter 1. Who knows if God will repent, and turn from his fierce anger, and we shall not perish? JONAH'S SECOND COMMISSION TO NINEVEH: THE NINEVITES REPENT OF THEIR EVIL WAY: SO GOD REPENTS OF THE EVIL THREATENED. The fact that repentance is not a condition for receiving eternal life. Jonah ( Jonah 4:11 ) mentions the children as numbering one hundred twenty thousand, which would give about a million to the whole population. On the latter occasion ( Matthew 16:1-4 ) when the Pharisees and Sadducees tempted Him, asking a sign from heaven, He answered, "No sign shall be given, but the sign of the prophet Jonas," Matthew 12:39 . 1 And the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the second time, saying,. The space between, including large parks and arable ground, as well as houses, was Nineveh in its full extent. God may see this and turn from his wrath, so that we might not perish. They could not be so confident of finding mercy upon their repentance, as we may be, who have the death and merits of Christ, to which we may trust for pardon upon repentance. The people followed the example of the king. The reason why the announcement of destruction was made absolute, and not dependent on Nineveh's continued impenitence, was that this form was the only one calculated to rouse them; and at the same time it was a truthful representation of God's purpose towards Nineveh under its existing state, and of Nineveh's due. But let examples illustrate this. Then () he cried out and said, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!”. Their own religion was as likely to conceal as to make known the real character of the Deity. Today, in Jonah 3, we are going to see Jonah running with God. Jonah 4:6, "[~Yahweh] ['Elohiym]," the compound name of God found in the Book of Genesis. Jonah 3:9 (NCV) God repented: this is spoken as before, Jonah 3:9, (and as his seeing is attributed to him,) after the manner of man, and must be applied unto our unchangeable God so as may not reflect any blemish upon his truth, constancy, or immutability. Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? There is in the meaning of the Prophet nothing ambiguous, for he introduces the king here as expressing a doubt, Who knows whether God will be reconciled to us? He thought, Who knows? It was forty days that Moses, Elijah, and Christ fasted. Jonah 3:9 (NLT) They dared not presume, but they did not despair. Who knows? three days' journey--that is, about sixty miles, allowing about twenty miles for a day's journey. The People of Nineveh Believe. From Koyunjik to Nimroud is about eighteen miles; from Khorsabad to Karamless, the same; from Koyunjik to Khorsabad, thirteen or fourteen miles; from Nimroud to Karamless, fourteen miles. Jonah 3:9 (CJB) The oldest palaces are at Nimroud, which was probably the original site. Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from His fierce anger, that we perish not?". Hoping for mercy. So God's mode of dealing with them must alter accordingly, if God is not to be inconsistent with His own immutable character of dealing with men according to their works and state of heart, taking vengeance at last on the hardened impenitent, and delighting to show mercy on the penitent. Jonah finds himself in a similar situation with God. Let us boldly cast ourselves down at the footstool of free grace, and God will look upon us with compassion. ), Who knoweth? from the greatest . 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. Who knoweth? The pathos of this question is increased as we call to mind the ignorance of the Ninevites regarding the true God. 2 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee.. 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. - Believed God; believed in God, which implies trust and hope; Vulgate, crediderunt in Deum. Who knoweth, if God be converted, and forgive, and be turned away from strong vengeance of his wrath, and we shall not perish? Whether Jonah said more, to show the anger of God against them, or whether he only repeated these words again and again, is not certain, but this was the purport of his message. We read of no sacrifices offered to God to make atonement for sin; but a broken and a contrite heart, such as the Ninevites then had, he will not despise. God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish.”. It concerns us in prayer to stir up all that is within us. 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